Fort Caroline, the Search for America's Lost Heritage
eBook (PDF), 240 Pages
This book is the most comprehensive study of the 16th century history of the South Atlantic Coast, ever published. The project began in early 2007 as an effort by a small group of Native American researchers to obtain a more accurate history of the South Atlantic Coast's indigenous peoples. It ended up in 2014, turning the history books upside down. During the 1560s and 1570s, the Spanish built 10 forts on the South Atlantic Coast. In 1564, French colonists did not build Fort Caroline on the St. Johns River in Florida, but on the Georgia Coast. Spanish archives state that the first St. Augustine was located on St. Andrews Sound in Georgia. Florida's first Spanish governor, Pedro Menendez stated in a letter to the king that the first St. Augustine was founded at 31 degrees latitude. That's St. Andrew Sound in Georgia! Also, there was a large French fort on an island near present day Knoxville, TN several decades before the English arrived. The rest is history
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Jan 25, 2016Excellent read, clear and interesting and full of details and evidence from a number of different views. I plan to buy the book for my liberary! If you like history read this book!
Jan 9, 2015Lowery (editions of 1905, 1911) quotes in Spanish the degree reading for Fort San Mateo (French Fort Caroline), in which Pedro Menendez de Aviles stated he had his men take a degree reading of it on land (tierra) by the sun (sol), and the French pilot's were wrong (probably referring to Stefano Rojomonte, a captured Frenchman, claiming that Fort Caroline was at 31 degrees in a sworn deposition at Havana Cuba): "Menendez, in his "Carta al Rey, 15 de Octubre de 1565" (Ruidias, La Florida, tomo ii., p. 92), says..."El [puerto] del fuerte de Sant Mateo que ganamos esta en tryenta y un quarto; porque los franceses y sus pilotos se enganavan, e yo hecho tomar el sol en tierra y averiguarlo." (p. 390. Woodbury Lowery. The Spanish Settlements Within the Present Limits of the United States, Florida, 1562-1574. G. P. Putnam's Sons. The Knickerbocker Press. New York and London. 1905, 1911) On a modern (2014) map, Fort Caroline (renamed Fuerte San Mateo by Menendez after... More > its fall to him in 1565) at Menendez's 30 1/4 degrees north, is on a parallel with Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida, 15 miles south of today's St. Johns River. The English Privateer, Sir John Hawkins, visited Fort Caroline shortly before it fall to the Spanish and noted it lay at 30 and 1/2 degrees and was told by the French that Fort Caroline was just two leagues upriver (6 miles): "...they kept on their way along the coast of Florida, and on the 15th day came to anchor, and so from 6 and 20 degrees to 30 and 1/2 degrees, where the Frenchmen abode..." (p. 119. cited from John Sparke, The Voyage made by M. John Hawkins Esquire, 1565, Henry S. Burrage, editor. Original Narratives of Early American History. English and French Voyages, Chiefly from Hakluyt, 1534-1608. Charles Scribner. New York. 1906) Hawkins learns from the French ships at anchor in the mouth of the May River that their fort is two leagues upstream: "In this river of May aforesaid, the captain entering with his pinnesse, found a French ship of fourscore ton and two pinnesses of fifteen ton a piece, by her, and speaking with the keepers thereof, they told him of a fort two leagues up, which they had built..." (p. 122, cited from John Sparke, The Voyage made by M. John Hawkins Esquire, 1565, Henry S. Burrage, editor. Original Narratives of Early American History. English and French Voyages, Chiefly from Hakluyt, 1534-1608. Charles Scribner. New York. 1906) Lemoyne's map (1565) shows Fort Caroline to be at approximately 30 degrees.< Less
Aug 24, 2014This is a great book, well written, with beautiful illustrations, many in full color. A must-read for anyone who wants to understand the real history of Fort Caroline, so long hidden beneath faulty assumptions. Every step of the way, you will be met with meticulously researched details, supported with annotated maps. A wonderful book--very readable. I highly recommend this!
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- Richard L. Thornton (Standard Copyright License)
- The Americas Revealed
- August 1, 2014
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- 12.8 MB
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