This Art Book contains annotated reproductions of Caravaggio greatest masterpieces, date and interesting facts page below.
Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio was an Italian artist active in Rome,... More > Naples, Malta, and Sicily between 1593 and 1610. Famous while he lived, Caravaggio was forgotten almost immediately after his death, and it was only in the 20th century that his importance to the development of Western art was rediscovered. Despite this, his influence on the new Baroque style that eventually emerged from the ruins of Mannerism was profound. It can be seen directly or indirectly in the work of Rubens, Jusepe de Ribera, Bernini, and Rembrandt, and artists in the following generation heavily under his influence were called the "Caravaggisti" or "Caravagesques", as well as Tenebrists or "Tenebrosi" ("shadowists"). Andre Berne-Joffroy, Paul Valéry's secretary, said of him: "What begins in the work of Caravaggio is, quite simply, modern painting".< Less
The Venetian artist Giovanni Battista (Giambattista) Tiepolo was perhaps the greatest painter and draftsman of 18th-century in Europe. He was the classical example of the Italian Rococo.
Tiepolo... More > was equally prized as a painter and as a draftsman: his power of invention was unlimited and his skill without equivalent. His huge output of frescoes and altarpieces was somewhat due to his practice, like Rubens, of painting small 'modelli' (sketches) which, when approved by the client, could be carried out by his trained pupils under his own control. Many of these modelli and sketches survive, together with hundreds of his drawings. He also etched many plates, and, with Marco Ricci, was one of the founders of the great school of 18-century Venetian etchers.< Less
François Boucher was French Rococo painter, engraver, and designer, who best symbolize the frivolity and elegant superficiality of French court life at the middle of the 18th century. He was... More > proponent of Rococo taste, known for his idyllic and voluptuous paintings on classical themes, decorative allegories representing the arts or pastoral occupations, intended as a sort of two-dimensional furniture and was perhaps the most celebrated decorative artist of the 18th century.Boucher was for a short time a pupil of Francois Lemoyne and in his early years was closely connected with Watteau, many of whose pictures he engraved. He was also the favorite artist of Louis XV's most famous mistress, Mme de Pompadour, to whom he gave lessons and whose portrait he painted several times. His work sometimes shows the effects of tastelessness, but at its best it has irresistible charm and great brilliance of execution. Qualities he passed on to his most important pupil, Fragonard.< Less
An important Post-Impressionist French painter, Georges Seurat moved away from the obvious spontaneity and quickness of Impressionism and developed a structured, more monumental art to depict modern... More > urban life. For several of his large compositions, Seurat painted many small studies. He is chiefly remembered as the pioneer of the Neo-Impressionist technique commonly known as Divisionism, or Pointillism, an approach associated with a softly flickering surface of small dots of colour. His innovations derived from new quasi-scientific theories about colour and expression. Initially, he believed that great modern art would show contemporary life in ways similar to classical art. His success quickly propelled him to the forefront of the Parisian avant-garde. His triumph was short-lived, as after barely a decade of mature work he died at the age of only 31. His new technique exerted a considerable influence over Neo-Impressionist artists such as Camille Pissarro, Henri Cross, and Paul Signac.< Less
Leonardo, like his contemporary Christopher Columbus, possessed an insatiable curiosity and desire for discovery of unknown worlds. Only observation, says many times Leonardo, is the key to knowledge... More > and understanding.
Throughout his life Leonardo seeks to understand and control the nature. He constructed machines and original installations, built bridges, dissected human bodies and trying to break into the Providence of God.
But the whole time Leonardo knows perfectly well that nature is unpredictable, and God's provision is inaccessible to the human mind.
Advanced in years Leonardo left Italy to never to return there. Younger and more modern artists, such as Raphael and Michelangelo, already outshine his fame in the homeland. Leonardo recent years were not easy. Many of his ambitious plans remained incomplete.
He could be called "Master of everything", everything that exists in the Universe, for his art and his inventions.
Leonardo can be called the Son of God.< Less
Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni exercised a huge influence on the development of Western art. He is considered a nominee for the title of the archetypal Renaissance man, along with... More > Leonardo da Vinci.
Michelangelo was the first Western artist whose biography was published while he was alive. Giorgio Vasari proposed that he was the high point of all artistic achievement of the Renaissance. In his era Michelangelo was characterized as Il Divino ("the divine one").
One of the qualities most respected by his contemporaries was his "terribilità", a sense of greatness, which raises admiration, and that's driving the next generation of artists to imitate Michelangelo by trying one very passionate and very personal style, leading them to the mannerisms. In this way Michelangelo, indirectly, marked the beginning of the next major movement in Western art - that of Mannerism.< Less
Sketcher, painter, engraver, sculptor and collector, Auguste Rodin is recognized worldwide for the exceptional authenticity of his anatomical sculptures. He strongly influenced twentieth century... More > sculpture by his assemblage techniques and prepared the way for symbolism by adopting literary and mythological themes. Drawing was his means of discovering "truth" in life and in art: "good" drawing represented truth and simplicity in nature; 'bad" drawing was self-conscious, mannered in its representation, and often displayed an ignorance of nature or inexact observation with attempts to mask it with artifice. Rodin was a prolific draughtsman, producing some 10,000 drawings. Although the works on paper can only be shown periodically, owing to their fragility, the role they played in Rodin’s art was by no means minor.
As the sculptor said at the end of his life:
“It's very simple. My drawings are the key to my work.”< Less
Once classified as an Impressionist, Manet has subsequently been regarded as a Realist who influenced and was influenced by the Impressionist painters of the 1870s, though he never exhibited with... More > them nor adopted fully their ideas and procedures. His painting is notable for its brilliant prima vista painterly technique. In his relatively short career he evolved from an early style marked by dramatic light-dark contrasts and based on Spanish 17th-century painting to high-keyed, freely brushed compositions whose content bordered at times on Symbolism.< Less
This Art Book contains Foreword and annotated reproductions of Edgar Degas masterpieces by Daniel Coenn, date and interesting facts page below.
Edgar Degas seems never to have reconciled himself to... More > the label of "Impressionist," preferring to call himself a "Realist" or "Independent." Nevertheless, he was one of the group’s founders, an organizer of its exhibitions, and one of its most important core members. Like the Impressionists, he sought to capture fleeting moments in the flow of modern life, yet he showed little interest in painting plain air landscapes, favoring scenes in theaters and cafes illuminated by artificial light, which he used to clarify the contours of his figures, adhering to his Academic training. Unusual vantage points and asymmetrical framing are a consistent theme throughout Degas's works.< Less
This Art Book contains Foreword and annotated reproductions of Pierre-Auguste Renoir paintings by Daniel Coenn, date and interesting facts page below.
Pierre-Auguste Renoir is French painter who... More > was a important figure in the development of the Impressionist movement. As a celebrator of feminine beauty "Renoir is the last representative of a tradition which runs in a straight line from Rubens to Watteau." Renoir's artworks are famous for their vivacious light and saturated color, most frequently focusing on people in friendly and intimate compositions. The female nudes were one of his primary themes. In typical Impressionist manner, Renoir suggested the details of a picture through liberally brushed touches of color, so that his figures softly fuse with one another and their environment.< Less