This Art Book contains annotated reproductions of Caravaggio greatest masterpieces, date and interesting facts page below.
Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio was an Italian artist active in Rome,... More > Naples, Malta, and Sicily between 1593 and 1610. Famous while he lived, Caravaggio was forgotten almost immediately after his death, and it was only in the 20th century that his importance to the development of Western art was rediscovered. Despite this, his influence on the new Baroque style that eventually emerged from the ruins of Mannerism was profound. It can be seen directly or indirectly in the work of Rubens, Jusepe de Ribera, Bernini, and Rembrandt, and artists in the following generation heavily under his influence were called the "Caravaggisti" or "Caravagesques", as well as Tenebrists or "Tenebrosi" ("shadowists"). Andre Berne-Joffroy, Paul Valéry's secretary, said of him: "What begins in the work of Caravaggio is, quite simply, modern painting".< Less
The Venetian artist Giovanni Battista (Giambattista) Tiepolo was perhaps the greatest painter and draftsman of 18th-century in Europe. He was the classical example of the Italian Rococo.
Tiepolo... More > was equally prized as a painter and as a draftsman: his power of invention was unlimited and his skill without equivalent. His huge output of frescoes and altarpieces was somewhat due to his practice, like Rubens, of painting small 'modelli' (sketches) which, when approved by the client, could be carried out by his trained pupils under his own control. Many of these modelli and sketches survive, together with hundreds of his drawings. He also etched many plates, and, with Marco Ricci, was one of the founders of the great school of 18-century Venetian etchers.< Less
François Boucher was French Rococo painter, engraver, and designer, who best symbolize the frivolity and elegant superficiality of French court life at the middle of the 18th century. He was... More > proponent of Rococo taste, known for his idyllic and voluptuous paintings on classical themes, decorative allegories representing the arts or pastoral occupations, intended as a sort of two-dimensional furniture and was perhaps the most celebrated decorative artist of the 18th century.Boucher was for a short time a pupil of Francois Lemoyne and in his early years was closely connected with Watteau, many of whose pictures he engraved. He was also the favorite artist of Louis XV's most famous mistress, Mme de Pompadour, to whom he gave lessons and whose portrait he painted several times. His work sometimes shows the effects of tastelessness, but at its best it has irresistible charm and great brilliance of execution. Qualities he passed on to his most important pupil, Fragonard.< Less
An important Post-Impressionist French painter, Georges Seurat moved away from the obvious spontaneity and quickness of Impressionism and developed a structured, more monumental art to depict modern... More > urban life. For several of his large compositions, Seurat painted many small studies. He is chiefly remembered as the pioneer of the Neo-Impressionist technique commonly known as Divisionism, or Pointillism, an approach associated with a softly flickering surface of small dots of colour. His innovations derived from new quasi-scientific theories about colour and expression. Initially, he believed that great modern art would show contemporary life in ways similar to classical art. His success quickly propelled him to the forefront of the Parisian avant-garde. His triumph was short-lived, as after barely a decade of mature work he died at the age of only 31. His new technique exerted a considerable influence over Neo-Impressionist artists such as Camille Pissarro, Henri Cross, and Paul Signac.< Less
This Art Book contains Foreword and annotated reproductions of Gustav Klimt drawings, date and interesting facts page below.
Drawings played a major role in Gustav Klimt's artistic development.... More > From sketches and preparations for oil paintings, to erotic drawings and portraits, the present book illustrates the full range and depth of Klimt's abilities as a draughtsman. Klimt's talent and brilliance as a draughtsman, however, was widely recognized only after Klimt's death. During his lifetime, he hardly sold a drawing nor did he exhibit them. For Klimt, his drawings represented a private world in which he increasingly explored his own obsession with the woman and his notions of femininity. Indeed, many of Klimt's drawings have still never been seen in public because they entered into a private collection directly from the artist and have remained there ever since.< Less
This color-illustrated Encyclopedia of dinosaurs introduces over 50 types of dinosaurs. Clearly written and easy to understand text introduces us to the most important of these amazing rulers of our... More > planet Earth which suddenly disappeared about 65 million years ago.
The first animals we can recognize as dinosaurs lived about 225 million years ago. Early dinosaurs were among the first animals to evolve legs for supporting great weight or moving fast to catch prey or escape enemies. It may well have given them an advantage over other animals around.
The ruled our planet hundreds millions years but died out in just a few million years. By 65 million years ago they were extinct. At about this time the climate became much cooler and plant-life changed. For animals adapted to warm conditions, like dinosaurs, life became difficult. Some scientist think a sudden climatic change killed them off. This could have happened when a giant meteorite hit the Earth and threw up dust, blocking out sunlight.< Less
As a boy, Ilya Repin received his first lessons in art in 1858, when he worked for a talented icon painter I. M. Bunakov. Working with Kramskoi, in a year Repin developed his skills sufficiently to... More > be accepted in the Academy. In 1870, Repin made his first sketches for Baurge Haulers on the Volga, while being on a boat trip. When the work was finished in 1873, it immediately won recognition. In the same year for several months Repin had been traveling around Italy and then settled to work in Paris up until 1876. After returning to Russia, Repin settled in Moscow. It was a very fruitful period of his creative activity. During these 10-12 years Repin created majority of his famous paintings. He is the author of many portraits, but he never painted faces, he painted real people. Repin rarely painted historical paintings. The most popular in this genre is The Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mahmoud IV. The contemporaries saw it as a symbol of the Russian people throwing off their chains.< Less
Paul Cézanne was French painter, the leading figure in the revolution toward abstraction in modern painting. His influence on the course of modern art, particularly on the development of... More > cubism, is enormous and deep. In his early career, he was strongly influenced by Delacroix and Courbet. Through Pissarro, he came to know Manet and the Impressionist painters, but rejected what he considered the Impressionists' lack of structure, declaring that he will make impressionism into "something solid and durable, like the art of museums." Cezanne sought to "recreate nature" by simplifying forms to their basic geometric equivalents. Instead of adhering to the traditional system of perspective, he portrayed objects from shifting viewpoints. He worked in oil, watercolour, and drawing media, often making several versions of his works. Since 1890, his complex painting has influenced nearly every avant-garde movement in painting.< Less
August Macke was one of the foremost members of the German Expressionist group The Blue Rider. He lived during a mostly innovative time for German art and saw the development of the German... More > Expressionist movements as well as the arrival of the following avant-garde movements which were forming in the rest of Europe. Like a true artist of his time, Macke knew how to integrate into his painting the elements of the avant-garde which most interested him. His style was formed within the mode of French Impressionism and Post-impressionism and later went through a Fauve period. Macke's meeting with Robert Delaunay in Paris in 1912 was to be a sort of revelation for him. Delaunay's chromatic Cubism, which Apollinaire had called Orphism. August Macke's oeuvre can be considered as Expressionism and also as part of Fauvism. The paintings concentrate primarily on expressing feelings and moods rather than reproducing objective reality, usually distorting color and form.< Less
Although throughout his life Monet tries to create and spread the myth that he did not draw preliminary sketches for his paintings, nearly 500 of more than 2,500 his works are sketchbooks, drawings... More > and pastels.
This book is focused on Monet's drawings, and sketchbooks, offering a new aspect of the artist's work. Now we know that Monet relied extensively upon drafting in the development of his paintings in addition to painting his subjects directly. Monet has long been seen as an mediocre draftsman, having denied the role of drawing in his working technique in an effort to advance his public image as an Impressionist. He is among the world's most celebrated painters, yet he is almost unknown as a draftsman. This book explores Monet's works on paper, from caricatures he made as a boy to sketchbook studies for his late water-lily canvases. Monet also produced highly finished black-chalk drawings.< Less