The Critique of Pure Reason by Immanuel Kant is one of the most influential works in the history of philosophy. Also referred to as Kant's "first critique," it was followed in 1788 by the... More > Critique of Practical Reason and in 1790 by the Critique of Judgment. In the preface to the first edition Kant explains what he means by a critique of pure reason: "I do not mean by this a critique of books and systems, but of the faculty of reason in general, in respect of all knowledge after which it may strive independently of all experience."< Less
The Critique of Judgment, or in the new Cambridge translation Critique of the Power of Judgment, also known as the third critique, is a 1790 philosophical work by Immanuel Kant. It lays the... More > foundations for modern aesthetics.< Less
The Critique of Practical Reason is the second of Immanuel Kant's three critiques, first published in 1788. It follows on from Kant's Critique of Pure Reason and deals with his moral philosophy. The... More > second Critique exercised a decisive influence over the subsequent development of the field of ethics and moral philosophy, beginning with Fichte's Doctrine of Science and becoming, during the 20th century, the principal reference point for deontological moral philosophy.< Less
The Metaphysics of Morals is a 1797 work of political and moral philosophy by Immanuel Kant.
The work is divided into two main parts, the Rechtslehre and the Tugendlehre. Mary Gregor's translation... More > explains these German terms as, respectively, "The Doctrine of Right, which deals with the rights that people have or can acquire, and the Doctrine of Virtue, which deals with the virtues they ought to acquire."
The Doctrine of Virtue develops further Kant's ethical theory, which Kant first laid out in the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. Kant particularly emphasizes treating humanity as an end in itself.< Less