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Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting One's Reason and of Seeking Truth By René Descartes
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The Discourse on the Method is a philosophical and autobiographical treatise written by René Descartes. Its full name is Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting One's Reason and of... More > Seeking Truth in the Sciences. The Discourse on The Method is best known as the source of the famous quotation "I think, therefore I am", which occurs in Part IV of the work. The Discourse on the Method is one of the most influential works in the history of modern philosophy, and important to the evolution of natural sciences. In this work, Descartes tackles the problem of skepticism, which had previously been studied by Sextus Empiricus, Al-Ghazali and Michel de Montaigne. Descartes modified it to account for a truth he found to be incontrovertible. Descartes started his line of reasoning by doubting everything, so as to assess the world from a fresh perspective, clear of any preconceived notions.< Less
Selections from the Principles of Philosophy By René Descartes
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Principles of Philosophy (Principia philosophiae) is a book by René Descartes. It is basically a synthesis of the Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy[1] It was written in... More > Latin, published in 1644 and dedicated to Elisabeth of Bohemia, with whom Descartes had a long standing friendship. This book contains translation from the Original Texts, with a new introductory Essay, Historical and Critical by John Veitch and a Special Introduction by Frank Sewall. When we further reflect on the various ideas that are in us, it is easy to perceive that there is not much difference among them, when we consider them simply as certain modes of thinking, but that they are widely different, considered in reference to the objects they represent; and that their causes must be so much the more perfect according to the degree of objective perfection contained in them.< Less
Meditations on First Philosophy: In Which the Existence of God and the Immortality of the Soul Are Demonstrated By René Descartes, John Veitch
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Meditations on First Philosophy is a philosophical treatise by René Descartes first published in Latin. The original Latin title is Meditationes de prima philosophia, in qua Dei existentia et... More > animæ immortalitas demonstratur. The book is made up of six meditations, in which Descartes first discards all belief in things which are not absolutely certain, and then tries to establish what can be known for sure. The meditations were written as if he were meditating for 6 days: each meditation refers to the last one as "yesterday". The Meditations consist of the presentation of Descartes' metaphysical system in its most detailed level and in the expanding of Descartes' philosophical system, which he first introduced in the fourth part of his Discourse on Method. Descartes' metaphysical thought is also found in the Principles of Philosophy, which the author intended to be a philosophy guidebook.< Less