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A Contemporary Challenge To State Sovereignty: Gangs And Other Illicit Transnational Criminal Organizations In Central America, El Salvador, Mexico, Jamaica, And Brazil By Max G. Manwaring & Strategic Studies Institute
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In this monograph, Dr. Max Manwaring builds on his 2005 SSI monograph, Street Gangs: The New Urban Insurgency, and illustrates gang and Transnational Criminal Organization (TCO) linkage to... More > instability and its aftermath. He explains that gang-generated instability leads to threats to national, regional, and global security, nation-state sovereignty, failing and failed states, and a “clash of civilizations.” Thus, whether a gang or another TCO is specifically a criminal or an insurgent type organization is irrelevant. The putative objective of all these illegal nonstate entities─taken together, the analytical commonality that directly links gangs, TCOs, and insurgents─is to neutralize, control, or depose governments to assure their own commercial or ideological expectations. In this connection, gangs and their various possible allies (the gang phenomenon) are attempting to ensure that they have maximum freedom of movement and action within and between “sovereign” national territories.< Less
Dissent And Strategic Leadership Of The Military Professions By Don M. Snider & Strategic Studies Institute
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Over the past 5 years, the War on Terrorism has produced many unforeseen results for the U.S. Army, something not unexpected by those who study war as we do here at the Strategic Studies Institute... More > (SSI). One event, however, was truly unexpected—the participation in 2006 by several Army flag officers in the “Revolt of the Generals.” It was unexpected because the professional ethic of the Army in the modern era has held that, in civilmilitary relations, the military is the servant of its Constitutionally-mandated civilian leaders, both those in the Executive branch and in the Congress. Thus, as Samuel Huntington noted over 5 decades ago, “loyalty and obedience” are the cardinal military virtues. This precept has remained embedded in the Army’s professional ethos to this day, especially for the strategic leaders of the Army Profession. An act of public dissent is to be exceptionally rare, undertaken only after the most careful analysis and determination of its absolute necessity.< Less
Developing Strategic Leaders For The 21st Century By Strategic Studies Institute & Jeffrey D. McCausland
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Secretary of Defense Robert Gates delivered a remarkable speech at Kansas State University on November 26, 2007. In his address, the Secretary underscored the pressing need to greatly expand the... More > nation’s “soft power” capabilities. Secretary Gates did not speak at length about current Department of Defense programs or the need to increase the defense budget dramatically. Rather, he called for significant increases in the capacity of other government agencies to work with the military in the rebuilding of societies in Iraq and Afghanistan and be prepared to counter the appeal of international terrorism globally. Clearly the attack on the World Trade Center and subsequent conflicts in both Iraq and Afghanistan changed forever how Americans think about “national security.” These events expanded not only the number and scope of issues, but also the overall complexity of the process.< Less
Development And Reform Of The Iraqi Police Forces By Strategic Studies Institute & Tony Pfaff
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Nearly every week, newspapers carry stories of the failure of the Iraqi police to provide basic civil security for the citizens of Iraq. Despite millions of dollars in aid, equipment, education, and... More > advisors, more than 4 years later police force development lags far behind the military. Numerous reasons are offered to account for this gap: corrupt practices left over from the previous regime, infiltration by militias, weak leadership, competition by better armed and organized criminal and militant groups, and so on. However, the military is also subject to these same influences, thus none of these explanations by themselves or in combination are satisfactory. But such an explanation is critical if policymakers and advisors are going to successfully facilitate police reform. This paper argues that the poor political and security environment impacts social, political, and cultural factors in ways that are predictable, understandable, and, with external help, resolvable.< Less
Baloch Nationalism And The Geopolitics Of Energy Resources: The Changing Context Of Separatism In Pakistan By Strategic Studies Institute & Robert G. Wirsing
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Today the quest for energy security stands at or near the top of most nations’ foreign policy agendas. For energy-dependent countries lacking sufficient energy resources of their own, achieving... More > energy security is a formidable problem. Pakistan, currently the world’s sixth most heavily populated nation, is one such country. To ensure its energy future, its government is active on several fronts, including efforts to more fully exploit the country’s own energy resources, to negotiate the construction of transstate natural gas pipelines, and to build a new coastal seaport at Gwadar, an ambitious project which its developers hope will enable Pakistan to occupy an important place in the emerging Asian energy refining and distribution system. As Dr. Robert G. Wirsing makes clear in his monograph, Baloch Nationalism and the Geopolitics of Energy Resources, Pakistan’s quest for energy security has run up against a resurgent tribal separatist rebellion in its sprawling southwestern province of Balochistan...< Less
From The New Middle Ages To A New Dark Age: The Decline Of The State And U.S. Strategy By Phil Williams & Strategic Studies Institute
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National security policymakers are continuously challenged to ensure that the judgments and assumptions underlying policy, force posture, and provision are congruent with the international... More > environment and the role the United States is playing within it. This has become problematic in the 21st century security environment characterized by complexity, connectivity, and rapid change. This analysis offers key insights into what is a shifting security environment and considers how the United States can best respond to it. Dr. Phil Williams argues that we have passed the zenith of the Westphalian state, which is now in long-term decline, and are already in what several observers have termed the New Middle Ages, characterized by disorder but not chaos. Dr. Williams suggests that both the relative and absolute decline in state power will not only continue but will accelerate, taking us into a New Dark Age where the forces of chaos could prove overwhelming.< Less
Gauging U.S.-Indian Strategic Cooperation By Henry Sokolski & Strategic Studies Institute
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The following volume consists of research that the Nonproliferation Policy Education Center (NPEC) commissioned and vetted throughout 2006. For at least half of the chapters, authors presented... More > versions of their work as testimony before Congressional oversight committees. Among them are some of the sharpest critics and staunchest boosters of U.S.-Indian nuclear and strategic cooperation. No matter what one’s point of view, though, these chapters deserve close attention since all are focused on what is needed to assure U.S.-Indian strategic cooperation succeeds. The volume offers U.S. and Indian policy and law makers a detailed checklist of things to watch, avoid, and try to achieve. Funding for this project came from the Catherine D. MacArthur Foundation. Ashley Tellis and George Perkovich of the Carnegie Endowment, Gary Schmitt of the American Enterprise Institute, Gary Samore from the Council on Foreign Relations, Robert Einhorn of the Center for Strategic and International Studies...< Less
Force And Restraint In Strategic Deterrence: A Game-theorist’s Perspective By Strategic Studies Institute & Roger B. Myerson
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This monograph is a short nontechnical introduction to the use of game theory in the study of international relations. The focus is on the problem of deterrence against potential adversaries and... More > aggressors. The author, Professor Roger Myerson, uses game models to provide a simple context where we can see more clearly the essential logic of strategic deterrence. We should look to such theoretical analysis for basic insights that may have practical importance in policymaking. The main conclusion is that a great power’s use of its military forces may be rendered ineffective or even counterproductive when there are no clear internationally recognizable limits on this use of force. Professor Myerson derives this conclusion from the basic observation that our ability to influence potential rivals depends on a balanced mix of threats and promises.< Less
Africom’s Dilemma: The “Global War On Terrorism,” “Capacity Building,” Humanitarianism, And The Future Of U.S. Security Policy In Africa By Strategic Studies Institute & Robert G. Berschinski
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Africa is a continent of growing economic, social, political, and geostrategic importance. It is also a continent of overwhelming poverty, rampant disease, chronic instability, and terrorist... More > activity. The establishment of a new Combatant Command for Africa—AFRICOM—marks an important milestone in the evolution of relations between the United States and the governments of Africa. Through AFRICOM, the U.S. Department of Defense will consolidate the efforts of three existing command headquarters as it seeks a more stable environment for political and economic growth in Africa. In line with this goal, AFRICOM is pioneering a bold new method of military engagement focused on war prevention, interagency cooperation, and development rather than on traditional warfighting. In this monograph, Robert Berschinski contends that in order to significantly benefit the African security landscape, AFRICOM must depart from the model of U.S. military operations on the continent since September 11, 2001.< Less
American Grand Strategy For Latin America In The Age Of Resentment By Gabriel Marcella & Strategic Studies Institute
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President George W. Bush’s trip to Brazil, Colombia, Guatemala, and Mexico in early 2007 underscored the critical value of a healthy Latin America to the United States as a global power. Latin... More > America today is besieged by a powerful force of resentment engendered by a combination of weak states, social exclusion, criminal violence, and corruption. One consequence is the attack by radical populism against democratic values. In this context, the United States needs a new grand strategy that addresses the causes rather than the symptoms of the malaise. Dr. Gabriel Marcella argues that such a strategy must strengthen the effectiveness of the democratic state in providing security, justice, and governance, as well as effectively engender a linkage of the 40 percent of the population presently excluded from the social and economic benefit< Less

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Birth Log Book Birth Log Book By Emily Rumsey
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