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Neuroanatomical studies on brain of Drosophila melanogaster By Shamprasad Varija Raghu
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The olfactory system permits animals to sense a broad spectrum of volatile compounds in the environment. In higher vertebrate olfactory neurons project to the olfactory bulb and terminate in... More > glomeruli. The organization of olfactory pathway in the fly which is also a glomerular antennal lobe is very similar to that of mammals (Jefferis et al., 2001). The antenna and the maxilla palp are the two olfactory organs of insects. The olfactory receptor neurons on the surface of third antennal segment-funiculus and maxillary palp of flies send their axons to the glomeruli of the antennal lobe (Strausfeld, 1976), which is equivalent to the mammalian olfactory bulb (Hildebrand and Shepherd, 1997). In insects, interneurons from antennal lobes called the projection neurons, carry information to higher brain centers - the mushroom body and lateral horn (Stocker et al., 1990). These projection neurons are comparable to mammalian mitral/tufted cells (Jefferis et< Less

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