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Immunity of Senior State Officials
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The classic statement of the act of state doctrine had taken root in England as early as 1674 and it was inappropriate for courts of a sovereign state to sit in judgement on acts of other states.... More > Sovereign monarchs in Europe had absolute power and they could do no wrong. Thus, monarchs in Europe were immune from action in domestic courts and reciprocity demanded that they did not interfere in the affairs of other sovereign monarchs. State immunity, which is a creature of international law, developed out of the previously mentioned considerations and a need for interaction between sovereign states, which required reciprocity. This brief essay presents a discussion about state immunity from proceedings alleging jus cogens norms.< Less
Trends, Issues and Community
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Australian policymakers have long been impressed with the Northeast Asian success stories which they have chosen to see through a prism of neoclassical economic theory. The previously mentioned fact... More > coupled with the reality of limited economic resources renders it impossible for any government to continue to stimulate demand in order to generate growth as required by the Keynesian economic approach. Thus, neoclassical thinking has become infused into Australian policymaking even though such neoclassical thinking goes contrary to traditional Australian values. However, neoclassical approaches are also not without their flaws and thus practical policymaking ought to be about ensuring that the government is driven hard to deliver that which is the best from available resources. This brief essay presents a discussion about the neoclassical and the Keynesian or the welfare state approaches to policy making and presents an examination of the impact of neoclassical approaches to policymaking in Australia.< Less
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In its common context, blasphemy can mean different things to different individuals and a discussion of blasphemy is likely to unleash many a passionate feeling. This is because blasphemy is about... More > showing irreverence to the sacred and this sacred is likely to be the very glue that binds a society. The sacred is often the source of the rules by which individuals live out their lives or are treated by a society. Although ancient Greeks used to have laws about blasphemy, the early Roman Emperors considered blasphemy to be a matter that was best left to the Gods. Blasphemy started to be taken most seriously when Moses was given the Law of God and any mortal who dared to irreverently mention the name of God was required to be put to death. This dissertation attempts to examine the treatment of blasphemy in English Law and other Legal systems of the world.< Less
Geopolitics of Cameroon and Nigeria boarder Crises: Energy impact of the International Court of Justice Decision on Production of Oil in the Gulf of Guinea
eBook (PDF): $60.00
The boundary between Cameroon and Nigeria that had extended from Lake Chad to the sea and into the deep ocean had been a source of disagreement between the two neighboring states. Although close... More > historical links had existed between the two nations, Germany acting as the colonial power in what is now Cameroon and Britain in the present day Nigeria had agreed about the division as far back as the 1913. However, France at the end of the First World War replaced Germany as a colonial power and Britain administered a part of the Cameroons. Thus, after the independence of Nigeria Bakassi peninsula, claimed by Cameroon, ended up under Nigerian administration. This thesis presents an examination of the International Court of Justice decision in the Nigeria vs. Cameroon case and attempts to determine how this decision influenced the balance of hydrocarbon reserves and the energy situation in the region.< Less
A Critical Analysis of the United States National Security Strategy Document 2006
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The United States National Security Strategy Document, or the NSS, is required to be presented by the Executive Branch of the government, preferably every year, in order to alert the nation about the... More > likely threats that have been identified in regard to the nation’s security interests and how the government intends to deal with these threats. This brief essay takes a critical look at the 2006 NSS document which was recently presented by Mr. Bush.< Less
International Water Basin Management: Global Water Treaty Enforcement Mechanisms and Basin Practices
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A Comparative Study of Contact Orders and their Enforcement in Canada and the United Kingdom
eBook (PDF): $62.50
Within the past decade, family law related to child contact, contact orders and enforcement of such orders has undergone legislative and operational changes in both Canada and the United Kingdom.... More > Changes that have taken place impact stakeholders including children, parents, the judiciary and all those involved with providing a degree of care to children involved in high-conflict divorce or separation cases. This dissertation presents a comparative study of contact orders and the manner in which these orders are enforced in Canada and the United Kingdom.< Less
Section 51(xx) of the Australian Constitution - the Corporation Power
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The Australian Constitution describes the structure of the Australian government and defines the power sharing arrangements between the Commonwealth and the States. Section 51(xx) of Constitution,... More > which is also known as the Corporations Power, grants the Federal Parliament the right to legislate in respect to foreign corporations and trading or financial corporations formed within the limits of the Commonwealth. This essay takes a look at this section of the Australian Constitution which has been used to bring into force The Trade Practices Act 1974, Corporations Act 2001, Foreign Acquisitions and Takeover Act 1975 as well as the Competition Policy Reform Act 1995 etc.< Less
What Challenges the Social Worker to Promote the Rights of Unaccompanied Asylum Seeking Children in the UK?
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The number of asylum-seekers who apply for asylum from within the United Kingdom is on the increase as resources to cater for these asylum-seekers dwindle. In a globalised world, what transpires in... More > faraway places does have a local impact and it is acceptable for the individual to try to do what is best for them. However, the care and protection of unaccompanied children who are seeking asylum in the United Kingdom is far more involved compared to the care of adult asylum-seekers or families. This essay presents a discussion about unaccompanied children seeking asylum in the United Kingdom and the challenge of the social worker caring for these children.< Less
A Comparative Study of Offer under English and French Contract Law
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This dissertation is a comparative study of the manner in which the English and French contract law views offers which are a first step towards the formation of contracts. Comparative law, which also... More > includes comparative law of contracts, attempts to explore legal traditions which have been a part of the legal systems in various countries. Both England and France have had a profound influence on the culture which has emerged in vastly spread out regions of the world as a result of their adventurism and colonisation. However, there are important differences in relation to how offers and other important concepts related to agreements or contracts are viewed by the two previously mentioned legal doctrines. An English law Lord is less likely to worry about the intentions of the parties who may have made offers or counteroffers and is more likely to be interested in only what has been agreed. This dissertation presents a comparison of offer under English and French contract law.< Less
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SurvCE 4.0 Reference