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Chapter 9 - The State of Black South Carolina: The Status of Black-Owned Businesses in South Carolina By Columbia Urban League
eBook (PDF): $8.69
"The Status of Black-Owned Businesses in South Carolina" by Dr. John A. Cole and Dr. Lucy J. Reuben, interim department chair of economies at North Carolina A&T State University and a... More > Duke University business professor, respectively, offers an analysis of the value of black-owned businesses to the state's economy. The economists contend that increasing the number of successful black-owned businesses is an important key to sustained advancement of the state’s economy. Because black-owned businesses provide jobs in counties with the largest African American population, they suggest that the stronger such businesses are, the stronger those local economies and the state economy will be. The Governor’s Office of Small and Minority Business Assistance (OSMBA) and the state Department of Commerce have significant roles to play in promoting the success of black-owned businesses.< Less
Chapter 1 - The State of Black South Carolina: Rethinking the Barriers to and the Potential of Black Political Empowerment in South Carolina By Columbia Urban League
eBook (PDF): $8.69
"Rethinking the Barriers to and the Potential of Black Political Empowerment in South Carolina" by Dr. Todd C. Shaw and Mr. Willie Black, political science professors at the University of... More > South Carolina and Benedict College, respectively, argues that given the minority status of the Democratic Party in the state – the political party to which most African Americans belong – the best opportunity for black representatives to achieve meaningful legislation is through progressive legislative coalitions. They would include coalitions that helped African Americans achieve civil rights as well as newer nontraditional alliances.< Less
Chapter 3 - The State of Black South Carolina: Violence and Denial Frame Youth Gangs Stories By Columbia Urban League
eBook (PDF): $8.69
“Violence and Denial Frame Youth Gangs Stories” by Dr. Kenneth Campbell uses primarily newspaper stories about youth gangs and related activity in the state to document the problem as... More > widespread in rural as well as urban areas, further confirming the picture presented in the previous chapter. The news media, it is suggested, can better inform the public by putting the story in the context of a statewide problem, rather than framing it primarily as isolated incidents of violence and as denial by many parents and officials.< Less
Chapter 4 - The State of Black South Carolina: Racial Disparities in South Carolina’s Juvenile Justice System: A Look at Truancy and Disturbing School By Columbia Urban League
eBook (PDF): $8.69
“Racial Disparities in South Carolina’s Juvenile Justice System: A Look at Truancy and Disturbing School,” by Dr. Patricia Stone Motes, Dr. Andrew Billingsley, Ms. Janice P. Rivers,... More > and Dr. Chaundrissa Oyeshiku Smith, researches currently or formerly affiliated with the Institute for Families in Society at the University of South Carolina, examine the complexities of understanding racial disparities in the state’s juvenile justice system by analyzing the offenses of truancy and disturbing school. Both offenses have a major impact on determining which youths are in the juvenile justice system, and thus which ones are likely to end up incarcerated as adults. More than 50% of youths who go through the juvenile justice system are later incarcerated in prison as adults. Thus, a truancy or disturbing school offense can be the first step toward adult imprisonment.< Less
Chapter 5 - The State of Black South Carolina: A Broken Covenant: South Carolina’s Failure to Educate Its Children By Columbia Urban League
eBook (PDF): $8.69
In “A Broken Covenant: South Carolina’s Failure to Educate Its Children,” Stephen G. Morrison, attorney, summarizes his argument as representative of the plaintiffs from rural... More > school districts that sued the state for failure to meet the state Constitution’s requirement that each child be given a “minimally adequate” education. He supports his case using low standardized test scores, high dropout rates, and poor school facilities in the districts. “Our children are failing because South Carolina has systematically denied adequate public schools to the poorest, mostly rural, predominantly African American communities,” he concludes.< Less
Chapter 6 - The State of Black South Carolina: Academic Achievement among African American Students: A Study of School Performance in South Carolina By Columbia Urban League
eBook (PDF): $8.69
"Academic Achievement among African American Students: A Study of School Performance in South Carolina" by Dr. George C. Bradley and Dr. Tina Marshall-Bradley, a vice president and the... More > education dean, respectively, at Claflin University, follows up the authors' earlier study that found "an alarming trend" -- students in predominantly African American school districts in the state achieve lower standardized test scores as they move up in grades. Five years later, the trend has not changed in the school districts, which are generally rural and poor. "African American students in the third grade are not doing well and continue to lose ground through the eighth grade," the earliest and latest grades in which the required standardized tests are administered. The "districts are playing catch up and losing; in fact, they are falling further behind...," according to the authors.< Less
Chapter 8 - The State of Black South Carolina: HIV/AIDS in South Carolina: Our Day of Reckoning By Columbia Urban League
eBook (PDF): $8.69
"HIV/AIDS in South Carolina: Our Day of Reckoning" by Dr. Bambi W. Gaddist, co-founder and Executive Director of the South Carolina HIV/AIDS Council, addresses the devastating toll HIV/AIDS... More > is taking on the African American community in the state. South Carolina is consistently among the top ten states with the most HIV/AIDS cases per 100,000 population. African Americans, although just one-third of the population, comprise more than two-thirds of persons in the state living with HIV/AIDS. The majority of new HIV/AIDS cases each year are African Americans, most of which are black males who are 25 years of age or older. Also discussed are risk behaviors as well as myths and cultural issues that contribute to the disproportionate number of HIV/AIDS cases in the African American community.< Less
Chapter 2 - The State of Black South Carolina: Wake Up Call for African American Community: Sizing Up South Carolina’s Youth Gangs Problem By Columbia Urban League
eBook (PDF): $8.69
“Wake Up Call for African American Community: Sizing Up South Carolina’s Youth Gangs Problem” by Dr. Kenneth Campbell, a journalism and mass communications professor at the... More > University of South Carolina and a volunteer with youth programs, shows that youth gangs and related violence are “all too prevalent among African Americans in South Carolina.” Youths from both rural and urban areas are well aware of the activity, particularly in their own neighborhoods, middle schools and high schools, which are prime recruiting grounds. At the same time, too many parents are unaware of their children’s fascination with gang culture, and law enforcement officers and school officials disagree among themselves and with each other on the extent of youth gangs and related activity, largely because there is no consistent definition, which makes it more difficult to fight the problem.< Less
Chapter 7 - The State of Black South Carolina: Believing in Possibilities: The Center of Excellence for the Education and Equity of African American Students By Columbia Urban League
eBook (PDF): $8.69
"Believing in Possibilities: The Center of Excellence for the Education and Equity of African American Students" by Dr. Gloria Swindler Boutte, a Benedict College education professor,... More > highlights "a notable effort" in the state "to ensure that African American children achieve educationally and socially to their fullest potential." The chapter profiles four successful teachers trained by the center to use culturally relevant pedagogy in the teaching of African American students. Culturally relevant pedagogy is the concept of incorporating the students' cultural background -- their cultural, social, educational, political, and economic realities -- into how the students are taught. These examples show that African American students may perform better academically when the teacher is knowledgeable about their cultural background and uses it to teach them.< Less

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