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The Cuba-US relations after the triumph of the Cuban Revolution: An analysis of an unresolved international conflict By Roberto M. Rodriguez, Ph.D.
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This paper analyzes the main turning events in the history of the Cuban-US relations from the perspective of several theoretical orientations, such as the conflict escalation theory, the structural... More > theory, the cooperation and competition theory, the social exchange theory, the intergroup conflict theory and the reciprocity theory. More than anything, the escalation of the US-Cuban conflict reflects the conflict spiral model, with the two parties becoming more antagonist and hostile over time, intensifying its tactics and expanding the conflict to other areas. In this respect, the US-Cuban conflict resembles other intractable conflicts, such as the Israeli- Palestinian conflict or the Indian-Pakistani conflict over Kashmir, both unresolved conflicts which as the US-Cuban conflict, have lasted five or more decades, although the US-Cuban conflict has had no direct military confrontation between the parties.< Less
Online Arbitration By Roberto M. Rodriguez, Ph.D.
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The development of computer technology, and especially the Internet, has opened new possibilities for alternative dispute resolution. It seems that a great opportunity for expansion exists now for... More > all areas of ADR. However, some theorists have expressed some concerns about online arbitration. Katsch & Rifkin expressed the opinion that they believed that “arbitration is unlikely to be the prevalent online method for resolving disputes”. In addition, the same authors pointed out that almost all consumer groups oppose binding arbitration in the consumer context, although they also suggested the possibility that nonbinding arbitration may become a popular form of online dispute resolution or ODR. The objective of this paper is to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of online arbitration, and suggest that the availability of qualified, experienced and trustworthy online arbitrators could greatly improve the chances for this alternative method of dispute resolution to succeed.< Less
HOW WHITE PRIVILEGE CAN BE PERPETUATED IN MEDIATION By Roberto M. Rodriguez, Ph.D.
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White privilege is perpetuated in mediation because racism in the United States is healthy and strong. Racism permeates all aspects of society. Neither the many laws that have been passed to... More > eradicate its effects, nor sustained efforts to educate the population, have weakened its negative influence. White privilege is a consequence of racism, which is pervasive in all areas of society, although the presence of white privilege sometimes is invisible. Mediation, with all its many good goals and characteristics, is not free from the influence of white privilege because, in most instances, this influence occurs unconsciously or subconsciously. Mediation is part of the American legal system, and as such, is still a long way from eliminating white privilege. In this paper, I will analyze how white privilege is perpetuated in mediation, despite the best intentions of mediators.< Less
NEGOTIATING WITH PEOPLE FROM DIFFERENT CULTURES By Roberto M. Rodriguez, Ph.D.
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Every time we negotiate, we make assumptions about the other people negotiating with us, about their motives and their goals. Many times those assumptions are right, because we may have substantial... More > experience dealing with that particular kind of people and may have learned to look beyond the appearances. However, chances are that we may be completely wrong, because these assumptions may be grounded on stereotypes about a particular kind of people. These misinterpretations are common when the people we are negotiating belong to a different gender, ethnicity, or cultural background. This article deals with a certain key knowledge which enables an individual to get much closer to the point of view of the other party.< Less