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493 results for "Aristotle"
Poetics By Aristotle
eBook (ePub): $1.99
Aristotle's Poetics is the earliest-surviving work of dramatic theory and the first extant philosophical treatise to focus on literary theory. In it, Aristotle offers an account of what he calls... More > "poetry" (a term which in Greek literally means "making" and in this context includes drama—comedy, tragedy, and the satyr play—as well as lyric poetry, epic poetry, and the dithyramb). He examines its "first principles" and identifies its genres and basic elements. His analysis of tragedy constitutes the core of the discussion.< Less
Ethics & Politics By Aristotle
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Aristotle’s Ethics and Politics are the main sources of philosophy that he was known for. In Ethics he argued for the view that virtues are what make up the ethical behaviour of any person. In... More > order to be a “good person” ethics must be present in the form of virtues. Meanwhile in Politics, he argues that the city or state must come before family which comes before the individual. The idea that the need s of the many outweighs the needs of the few had its roots in Aristotle’s philosophy of politics.< Less
On the Motion of Animals By Aristotle
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This text is Aristotle’s general principles on the motion of animals. Aristotle attempts to combine a physiological explanation of animal locomotion in terms of spirit or pneuma and with a... More > psychological account in terms of desire and thought, which also includes imagination and perception. He thinks it possible to account for animal movements purely in terms of the physical events taking place in the body, while at the same time he wants to explain action, at a philosophical or analytical level, by way of the interaction of desires and beliefs.< Less
Ethics & Politics By Aristotle
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Aristotle’s Ethics and Politics are the main sources of philosophy that he was known for. In Ethics he argued for the view that virtues are what make up the ethical behaviour of any person. In... More > order to be a “good person” ethics must be present in the form of virtues. Meanwhile in Politics, he argues that the city or state must come before family which comes before the individual. The idea that the need s of the many outweighs the needs of the few had its roots in Aristotle’s philosophy of politics.< Less
Nicomachean Ethics, 5th Edition By Aristotle
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The theme of the work is the Socratic question which had previously been explored in Plato's works, of how men should best live. In his Metaphysics, Aristotle described how Socrates turned philosophy... More > to human questions, whereas Pre-Socratic philosophy had only been theoretical. Ethics, as now separated out for discussion by Aristotle, is practical rather than theoretical, in the original Aristotelian senses of these terms. In other words it is not only a contemplation about good living, but also aims to create good living. It is therefore connected to Aristotle's other practical work, Politics, which similarly aims at people becoming good. However ethics is about how individuals should best live, while the study of politics is from the perspective of a law-giver, looking at the good of a whole community.< Less
Poetics By Aristotle
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Aristotle's Poetics (c. 335 BCE (BC)) is the earliest surviving work of dramatic theory and the first extant philosophical treatise to focus on literary theory. In it, Aristotle offers an account of... More > what he calls "poetry" (a term which in Greek literally means "making" and in this context includes drama—comedy, tragedy, and the satyr play—as well as lyric poetry, epic poetry, and the dithyramb). He examines its "first principles" and identifies its genres and basic elements. His analysis of tragedy constitutes the core of the discussion. Although Aristotle's Poetics is universally acknowledged in the Western critical tradition, Marvin Carlson explains, "almost every detail about his seminal work has aroused divergent opinions." The work was lost to the Western world and often misrepresented for a long time. It was available through the Middle Ages and early Renaissance only through a Latin translation of an Arabic version written by Averroes.< Less
Poetics By Aristotle
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Aristotle's (c. 335 BCE ) Poetics is the earliest-surviving work of dramatic theory and the first extant philosophical treatise to focus on literary theory. In it, Aristotle offers an account of what... More > he calls "poetry" (a term which in Greek literally means "making" and in this context includes drama—comedy, tragedy, and the satyr play—as well as lyric poetry, epic poetry, and the dithyramb). He examines its "first principles" and identifies its genres and basic elements. His analysis of tragedy constitutes the core of the discussion. The Poetics is specifically concerned with drama. At some point, Aristotle's original work was divided in two, each "book" written on a separate roll of papyrus. Only the first part–that which focuses on tragedy–survives. The lost second part addressed comedy.< Less
Posterior Analytics By Aristotle
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The Posterior Analytics is a text from Aristotle's Organon that deals with demonstration, definition, and scientific knowledge. The demonstration is distinguished as a syllogism productive of... More > scientific knowledge, while the definition marked as the statement of a thing's nature, ... a statement of the meaning of the name, or of an equivalent nominal formula.< Less
Politics By Aristotle
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Aristotle's Politics is a work of political philosophy. The end of the Nicomachean Ethics declared that the inquiry into ethics necessarily follows into politics, and the two works are frequently... More > considered to be parts of a larger treatise, or perhaps connected lectures, dealing with the "philosophy of human affairs." The title of the Politics literally means "the things concerning the polis."< Less
Athenian Constitution By Aristotle
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The Constitution of the Athenians is the name of either of two texts from Classical antiquity, one probably by Aristotle or a student of his, the other attributed to Xenophon, but not by him. The... More > Aristotelian text is contained in two leaves of a papyrus codex discovered at Oxyrhynchus, Egypt in 1879. The other work was traditionally included among the shorter works of Xenophon.< Less