Search Results: 'Ferdinand Hodler'
Ferdinand Hodler: Paintings
Ferdinand Hodler was one of the famous Swiss painters of the 19th century. His early maturity paintings were landscapes, figure compositions, and portraits, treated with a strong realism. He made a... More > voyage to Basel in 1875, where he studied the paintings of Hans Holbein. In the last decade of the 19th century his work progressed to combine influences from several genres including symbolism and art nouveau. He developed a style which he called "Parallelism", characterized by groupings of figures symmetrically arranged in poses suggesting ritual or dance. Hodler's work in his final phase took on an expressionist aspect with strongly coloured and geometrical figures. Landscapes were pared down to essentials, sometimes consisting of a jagged wedge of land between water and sky. These mystical, non-realistic paintings depicting an escape from the bourgeois cares of modern life gained Hodler first notoriety and then popularity.< Less
Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin was a Russian painter who attempted to reconcile classical and modern trends. His style was formed under a wide range of influences, often seemingly incompatible: 19th-century... More > Russian painters such as Aleksey Venetsianov, Aleksandr Ivanov and Mikhail Vrubel', the artists of the Munich Secession, Ferdinand Hodler, Maurice Denis, Gauguin, Matisse, the painting of Giovanni Bellini, early Russian frescoes and Russian folklore and popular songs. During his artistic development, Petrov-Vodkin extensively used an aesthetic of Orthodox icon together with brighter colours and unusual compositions. His works were often deemed blasphemous and erotic (sometimes even homoerotic). A main proponent his painting was Alexander Benois, and his main opponent - Ilya Repin.
Petrov-Vodkin was nearly forgotten in the Soviet Union as not true to the spirit of Socialist Realism but after the mid-1960s, he was rediscovered and rightfully reinstalled as one of the major Russian painters.< Less