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274 results for "Historical Archaeology"
Perspectives from Historical Archaeology: Revealing Landscapes By SHA
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A compilation by Christopher C. Fennell including articles from Historical Archaeology. Topics include Methods and Cartographies of Analysis, Terrains Shaped by Economics, Class, and Social... More > Identities, Configuring Landscapes of Geometry, Ideology, and Surveillance, and Geographies of Racism and Inequality. For a complete Table of Contents, please view http://pastfoundation.org/lulu/oazxwk.jpg, or visit the publication's homepage and click "preview" beneath the large image of the cover, which will display the first few pages of the book.< Less
Perspectives from Historical Archaeology: Mortuary and Religious Sites By SHA
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A compilation by Richard F. Veit and Alasdair M. Brooks including articles from Historical Archaeology. Topics include Investigative Methods, Places and Landscapes, "Small Things" Material... More > Culture, Commemoration, and Human Remains and Grave Goods. For a complete Table of Contents, please view http://pastfoundation.org/lulu/2eydu6d.jpg, or visit the publication's homepage and click "preview" beneath the large image of the cover, which will display the first few pages of the book.< Less
Perspectives from Historical Archaeology: Mortuary and Religious Sites By SHA
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A compilation by Richard F. Veit and Alasdair M. Brooks including articles from Historical Archaeology. Topics include Investigative Methods, Places and Landscapes, "Small Things" Material... More > Culture, Commemoration, and Human Remains and Grave Goods. For a complete Table of Contents, please view http://pastfoundation.org/lulu/2eydu6d.jpg, or visit the publication's homepage and click "preview" beneath the large image of the cover, which will display the first few pages of the book.< Less
Kings David and Solomon: Chronological, Historical and Archaeological Evidence By Gerard Gertoux
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The David and Solomon's kingdoms are no longer considered as historical by minimalist archaeologists. According to Finkelstein and Silberman, for example, authors of The Bible Unearthed:... More > Archaeology's New Vision of Ancient Israel and the Origin of Its Sacred Texts, at the time of the kingdoms of David and Solomon, Jerusalem was populated by only a few hundred residents or less. Some Biblical minimalists like Thompson go further, arguing that Jerusalem became a city and capable of being a state capital only in the mid-seventh century. Likewise, Finkelstein and others consider the claimed size of Solomon's temple implausible. A review of methods and arguments used by these minimalists shows that they are impostors for writing history. The historical testimonies dated by a chronology anchored on absolute dates (backbone of history) are replaced by archaeological remains dated by carbon-14 (backbone of modern myths). The goal of these unfounded claims is clearly the charring of biblical accounts.< Less
The Book of Job: Chronological, Historical and Archaeological Evidence By Gerard Gertoux
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The book of Job is paradoxical regarding its historicity as well as its meaning. Although Job is clearly presented as a real, historical person (he lived from 1710 to 1500 near Bozra in Idumea),... More > rabbis and bishops preferred to see it as a moral tale. Despite the main question all over the book being: "why evil prevails?" the answer would be: "please, look at the hippopotamus and the crocodile" (Job 40:1-42:6), which is poetic but quite absurd. However, as Maimonides had already understood a long time ago the Book of Job includes profound ideas and great mysteries and reveals the most important truths. Indeed, Job received a deep and detailed answer in order to know when and how the evil angel, Leviathan a.k.a. Satan, would be defeated by Behemoth the first creature of God (Job 40:19). In a surprising manner, archaeology has shown that all the geographical and historical details in the Book of Job are accurate and reliable.< Less
The Trojan War: Chronological, Historical and Archaeological Evidence By Gerard Gertoux
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The Trojan War is the foundation of Greek history. If Greek historians had little doubt of its existence they remained extremely sceptical regarding its mythological origin. Archaeology has confirmed... More > one essential point: there was indeed a general conflagration in the Greek world around 1200 BCE, the assumed period of that war, which caused the disappearance of two powerful empires: Mycenaean on one hand and Hittite with its vassals on the other hand. The inscriptions of Ramses III's year 8 describe actually a general invasion of the Mediterranean by the "Sea Peoples". A precise chronological reconstruction shows that there was a confrontation between a Greek heterogeneous confederation, consisting of pirates, and a set of vassal kingdoms of the Hittite empire, such as Troy and Ugarit, which ended with their complete mutual destruction in 1185 BCE, the climax of the Trojan War. This conclusion was already that of Eratosthenes.< Less
Moses and the Exodus Chronological, Historical and Archaeological Evidence By Gerard Gertoux
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The existence Moses as well as the Exodus are disputed despite they form the basis of the Passover which meant the Promised Land for Jews and later the Paradise for Christians. For most Egyptologists... More > there is absolutely no evidence of Moses and the Exodus in Egyptian documents. However, the last king of the 15th dynasty named Apopi (1613-1573) met Seqenenre Taa, the last pharaoh of the 17th dynasty, who died in May 1533 BCE in dramatic and unclear circumstances (Ps 136:15) as well as his eldest son and crown prince: Ahmose Sapaïr, who died shortly before him (Ex 12:29). Prince Kamose, Seqenenre Taa's brother, assured interim of authority for 3 years and threatened attack Apopi, new prince of Retenu (Palestine) who had taken the name Moses, according to Manetho. In the stele of the Tempest, Kamose also blamed Apopi for all the disasters that come to fall upon Egypt, which caused many deaths.< Less
Abraham and Chedorlaomer: Chronological, Historical and Archaeological Evidence By Gerard Gertoux
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Historians consider the biblical account about Chedorlaomer's campaign against Sodom (1954 BCE) as a pious fiction. However, the Gospels refer to it as a real story (Heb 7:1) and a chronological... More > reconstruction based on synchronisms shows that, among dynasties from Sumerian lists, the 3rd and last Elamite king of the Awan I dynasty was Kudur-Lagamar (1990-1954). The Spartoli tablets (c. 650 BCE) describe this famous attack of Babylonia by a coalition of evil kings named Kudur-KUKUmal, king of Elam, Tudḫula, king of Gutium, and Eri-Aku [king of Larsa]. The route of Chedorlaomer and the description of his actions show that this king came to this region near Egypt in order to maintain control over this new land trade route. This ambitious project had to have worried Amenemhat I because southern Canaan was a big source of supply. In order to protect Egypt, Amenemhat I built the "Walls of the Ruler". One can notice that the area of Sodom was called Šutu[m] in execration texts (then Moab after 1800 BCE).< Less
Noah and the Deluge: Chronological, Historical and Archaeological Evidence By Gerard Gertoux
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Historians consider the biblical account of Noah and the Deluge as a myth. However, this famous event occurred at the earliest times of recorded history (Sumerian King List). Today scientists believe... More > in the last ice age called Pleistocene ending in 10,000 BCE, but there is no witness of this planetary cataclysmic event and its existence is based solely on the controversial interpretation of its consequences and their dating. The existence of erratic blocks and the disappearance of mammoths are presented as evidence of the last glaciation. However, despite dating obtained by 14C (calibrated by dendrochronology) is considered absolute by most experts its confrontation with the Egyptian chronology, in which some dates are fixed by astronomy, reverses this widespread belief and shows that dates obtained by 14C increase exponentially before -2200. Thus the rate of 14C tends gradually to 0 around -3500, which implies an important consequence: before -3500, 14C dating is no longer possible.< Less
Herod the Great and Jesus: Chronological, Historical and Archaeological Evidence By Gerard Gertoux
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The traditional date of 4 BCE for Herod’s death, as set forth by E. Schürer (1896), has been accepted by historians for years without notable controversy. However, according to the texts... More > of Luke and Matthew, Herod died shortly after Jesus’ birth, which can be fixed in 2 BCE. Consequently, there is apparently a major chronological contradiction, however Josephus gives a dozen synchronisms that enable us to date his death on 26 January 1 BCE just after a total lunar eclipse (9 January 1 BCE) prior to the Passover. Two important events confirm the dating of Herod's death: the ‘census of Quirinius’ in Syria which was a part of the ‘Inventory of the world’ ordered by Augustus when he became ‘Father of the Country’ in 2 BCE and the ‘war of Varus’ after Herod's death conducted under the auspices of Caius Caesar, the imperial legate of the East, and dated during the year of his consulship in 1 CE.< Less

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API Security API Security By Lee Brandt et al.
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