This IRS Enrolled Agent Exam review book is catered for individuals preparing to sit for Part 3: (Representation, Practice and Procedures) of the IRS Special Enrollment Exam (SEE) for enrolled... More > agents. The book contains detailed and comprehensive study notes arranged by units and may also be used as a reference source for tax professionals and taxation students. All practice test questions have been derived from previous IRS Special Enrollment Exams Test-Banks and the answers have been sourced from the original SEE Answer-Keys. All the contents have been derived and compiled from primary sources i.e., Internal Revenue Code sections, regulation sections, revenue rulings and procedures, IRM, IRS publications, etc. This New Edition is based on the new IRS Special Enrollment Exam (SEE) format and is designed to help candidates pass The IRS Enrolled Agent (EA) Exam on their first try.< Less
An experimental dub art book containing highlights of street art, graphic design, musical activism created by IR :: Indigenous Resistance (www.dubreality.com) & TFTT in the last ten years. It... More > also contains writings on Indigenous rights especially in Brazil, the murder of Pataxo warrior Galdino and the connection between Black & Indigenous Peoples .Included are special chapters on joint resistance between Black & Native Americans and the spiritual connections between African and Indigenous peoples throughout the Americas. The book is highlighted by experimental dub art& graphic design created especially for this publication by Dubdem which compliments the words of Black & Indigenous writers and activists like John Trudell, Assata Shakur, Jeanette Armstrong, Jean "Binta" Breeze, Douglas Cardinal, Mutaburaka. Indigenous Resistance music is available on iTunes.< Less
Formal English is a powerful extensible language and ontology for information and knowledge modeling. The language enables electronic data storage and data exchange in a neutral and system... More > independent way. This addresses the interoperability problem of systems.
Formal English can be used as a basis for the creation of universal databases and interfaces between systems or to standardize the content of systems and to integrate data from different sources.
It is the 2nd edition of Gellish, a Generic Extensible Ontological Language.< Less
Semantic Modeling in Formal English is an information technology that provides a route towards universal data exchange and interoperability of systems. The technology enables creating semantic... More > information models that include meaning as well as context. The technology and extensible language enable the expression of information, knowledge and requirements in a human as well as computer interpretable way. The resulting expressions are unambiguous and system independent. The book also describes a Gellish expression syntax for the storage and exchange of information. Semantic Modeling describes how Formal English is defined and how information models are composed of expressions in Formal English and how they can be interpreted. It also provides a basis for the creation of universal semantic databases. This enables reduction of costs for data conversion and misinterpretation and speeds up data communication and data integration processes.< Less
The first issue that must be determined is whether the minister is an employee or an independent contractor. This is primarily a factual question. Professional & Executive Leasing, Inc. v.... More > Commissioner, 862 F.2d 751, 753 (9th Cir. 1988; James v. Commissioner, 25 T.C. 1296, 1300 (1956); Hand v. Commissioner, 16 T.C. 1410 (1951). The distinction between an employee and an independent contractor in this context must be made on common law grounds. United States v. Webb, Inc., 397 U.S. 179, 183 (1970). See also IRC section 3121(d)(2); Treas. Reg. sections 31.3121(d)-1(c) and 31.3401(c)-1. In determining whether a worker is an employee, "employer control over the manner in which the work is performed, ‘either actual or the right to it, is the basic test.’" General Investment Corp. v. United States, 823 F.2d 337, 341 (9th cir. 1987, (quoting Air Terminal Cab, Inc. v. United States, 478 F.2d 575, 579 (8th Cir.), cert. denied, 414 U.S. 909 (1973)).< Less
This guide addresses the mortuary and the cemetery businesses as separate entities, although a single business enterprise may be involved in the mortuary as well as the cemetery business. The... More > mortuary business is that which entails the preparation of the human remains for interment and the orchestration of the funeral. The cemetery business is that of providing the final resting place for the remains. Each section covered attempts first to familiarize the agent with the general structure and operation of each part of the industry and then offers discussion and audit suggestions on particular issues relating to them.< Less
The right to practice law as an attorney is contingent on being admitted by a state and/or federal bar. These requirements differ from state to state. Typically, a law degree from an accredited law... More > school is required to sit for the State Bar examination. On passing any required examinations and satisfying any other requirements, such as a background check or committee review on character and fitness, the applicant is licensed to practice law. Some courts have additional requirements an attorney must satisfy in order to appear before them. For example, practice before the U.S. Supreme Court requires an attorney to have been admitted to practice in the highest court of a State, Commonwealth, Territory or Possession, or the District of Columbia for a period of at least three years immediately before the date of application; must not have been the subject of any adverse disciplinary action pronounced or in effect during that 3-year period; and must appear to the Court to be of good moral and professional...< Less
This audit technique guide is a supplement to the MSSP Construction Industry Guide. This guide addresses drywallers in their usual capacity of doing work as subcontractors and explains construction... More > audit techniques in this context. Examiners should be familiar with the items shown in the Table of Contents of the MSSP Construction Industry Guide. Items that pertain to drywallers, such as employment tax issues, the cash to accrual accounting change issue are referenced therein. A familiarity with other items on the MSSP Construction Industry Guide Table of Contents is recommended so that examiners can identify and develop issues outside of the scope of this guide. This guide addresses specific aspects of the drywall contractor's business to provide a starting point for conducting audits of drywall contractors. This guide incorporates material from Internal Revenue Manual (IRM) 4231, Chapter 670 "Examination Techniques Peculiar to Small Businesses."< Less
A fishing business is defined as the conduct of commercial fishing via definitions detailed in the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Reauthorization Act of 2006, 16 U.S.C.... More > §§ 1801-1884 (2011) ("Sustainable Fisheries Act"). Commercial fishing is fishing in which the fish harvested is entered into commerce through sale, barter or trade. Fishing income is defined as income from catching, taking or harvesting of fish (this includes all forms of aquatic life). The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), a division of the Department of Commerce, is the federal agency responsible for the management, conservation and protection of living marine resources within the U. S. Exclusive Economic Zone (water three to 200 miles offshore). Its six Regional Offices and eight Regional Fishery Management Councils have oversight of fishing activities and compliance with fisheries regulations.< Less
Veterinary practices are part of the health care industry. Preparation of this ATG included consideration of the Los Angeles District information package entitled “Healthcare Industry.”... More > The package was useful because medical procedures, record maintenance, terminology, and audit issues are similar.< Less