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197 results for "Literary Theory"
Rhetoric By Aristotle
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The Rhetoric was developed by Aristotle during two periods when he was seconded to Plato in the Academy, and when he was running his own school, the Lyceum. Aristotle is generally credited with... More > developing the basics of the system of rhetoric that influenced the development of rhetorical theory from ancient through modern times. One of the most important contributions of Aristotle's approach was that he identified rhetoric as one of the three key elements along with logic and dialectic of philosophy. According to Aristotle, logic is concerned with reasoning to reach scientific certainty. Dialectic is a tool for philosophical debate; it is a means for skilled audiences to test probable knowledge in order to learn. Rhetoric is a tool for practical debate; it is a means for persuading a general audience using probable knowledge to resolve practical issues. Dialectic and rhetoric create a partnership for a system of persuasion based on knowledge instead of upon manipulation and omission.< Less
Worldwide Heartache By Different Skies
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Different Skies is a new magazine for essays, reportage, short fiction, poetry and experimental prose, published biannually online and print-on-demand. www.differentskies.net
Prior Analytics By Aristotle & A. J. Jenkinson
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“We must not always seek to set out the terms a single word: for we shall often have complexes of words to which a single name is not given.” -Aristotle (384 BC - 322 BC), is one of most... More > important philosophers of all time and remain a fountain of inspiration for modern thinkers. His works included logic, physics, politics, metaphysics, rhetoric and zoology, biology, poetic tragedy and ethics that are still relevant today. He also preferred to define things in more concrete and scientific manners and seemed to always have had explanations for everything around him. Prior Analytics is part of Aristotle's formal study of arguments . It is part of the texts on logic which are collectively known as the Organon ("Instrument"). Aristotle’s most famous contribution to logic is the syllogism, A syllogism is a three-step argument containing three different terms. In logic an argument is a series of true or false statements which lead to a true or false conclusion.< Less
On Prophesying by Dreams By Aristotle & J. I. Beare
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Aristotle (384 BC - 322 BC), is one of most important philosophers of all time and remain a fountain of inspiration for modern thinkers. His works included logic, physics, politics, metaphysics,... More > rhetoric and zoology, biology, poetic tragedy and ethics that are still relevant today. He also preferred to define things in more concrete and scientific manners and seemed to always have had explanations for everything around him. Aristotle’s short text On Prophesying by Dreams, is his early exploration in the phenomena. He attempts to explain what causes a person to dream and why dreams are not sent by the Gods. He also believed that it is quite natural that commonplace persons should be those who have foresight in dreams, and that prophetic dreams are the result of coincidence< Less
On Sophistical Refutations By Aristotle & W. A. Pickard-Cambridge
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“For reasoning rests on certain statements such that they involve necessarily the assertion of something other than what has been stated, through what has been stated: refutation is reasoning... More > involving the contradictory of the given conclusion.” ... Aristotle (384 BC - 322 BC), is one of most important philosophers of all time and remain a fountain of inspiration for modern thinkers. His works included logic, physics, politics, metaphysics, rhetoric and zoology, biology, poetic tragedy and ethics that are still relevant today. He also preferred to define things in more concrete and scientific manners and seemed to always have had explanations for everything around him. Sophistical Refutations identifies thirteen fallacies or false reasoning often due to a misconception or a presumption. From these fallacies, he also shows how to construct arguments for a position one has already decided to adopt and how to detect weaknesses in the arguments of others.< Less
On Sense and the Sensible By Aristotle & J. I. Beare
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On Sense and the Sensible, “The senses which operate through external media, viz. smelling, hearing, seeing, are found in all animals which possess the faculty of locomotion. To all that... More > possess them they are a means of preservation; their final cause being that such creatures may, guided by antecedent perception, both pursue their food, and shun things that are bad or destructive. But in animals which have also intelligence they serve for the attainment of a higher perfection.” - Aristotle (384 BC - 322 BC), is one of most important philosophers of all time and remain a fountain of inspiration for modern thinkers. His works included logic, physics, politics, metaphysics, rhetoric and zoology, biology, poetic tragedy and ethics that are still relevant today. He also preferred to define things in more concrete and scientific manners and seemed to always have had explanations for everything around him.< Less
On Memory and Reminiscence By Aristotle & J. I. Beare
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Aristotle (384 BC - 322 BC), is one of most important philosophers of all time and remain a fountain of inspiration for modern thinkers. His works included logic, physics, politics, metaphysics,... More > rhetoric and zoology, biology, poetic tragedy and ethics that are still relevant today. He also preferred to define things in more concrete and scientific manners and seemed to always have had explanations for everything around him. On his short treatise involving memory, he believed that memory was neither Perception nor Conception, but a state or affection of one of these, conditioned by lapse of time. There is no such thing as memory of the present while present, for the present is object only of perception, and the future, of expectation, but the object of memory is the past.< Less
On Dreams By Aristotle & J. I. Beare
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Aristotle (384 BC - 322 BC) is one of most important philosophers of all time and remain a fountain of inspiration for modern thinkers.. His work included logic, physics, politics, metaphysics,... More > rhetoric and zoology, biology, poetic tragedy and ethics that are still relevant today. He also preferred to define things in more concrete and scientific manners and seemed to always have had explanations for everything around him. That is, he tried to reason things based on direct observations and cataloging of phenomenon. His views on dreaming are developed out of his concepts of mind and imagination, and his observation of how people deal with sleeping and waking. While awake we have the easy ability to distinguish between what is an external object and what is our imagined object. In sleep however this faculty disappears or is almost completely absent. This produces the sense of enormous reality we have in dreams, and the feeling that we are facing actual events and people.< Less
On Sleep and Sleeplessness By Aristotle & J. I. Beare Beare
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“There is no animal which is always awake or always asleep.” ... Aristotle (384 BC - 322 BC), is one of most important philosophers of all time and remain a fountain of inspiration for... More > modern thinkers. His works included logic, physics, politics, metaphysics, rhetoric and zoology, biology, poetic tragedy and ethics that are still relevant today. He also preferred to define things in more concrete and scientific manners and seemed to always have had explanations for everything around him. He also tried to reason things based on direct observations and cataloging of phenomenon. Aristotle’s text On Sleep and Sleeplessness attempts to explain why we sleep and wake. He believes that sleep and wake are both affections of the activity of the primary faculty of sense-perception. That sleep is also a state of powerlessness arising from excess of waking.< Less
The History of Animals By Aristotle
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Biology was a natural pursuit for Aristotle, given his family's medical background. In the zoological sciences, some of his observations were confirmed to be accurate only in the 19th century. On... More > his work in The History of Animals, Aristotle draws the most important distinctions between animals with and without blood. Animals that reproducing offspring within the female's body, as generally the case with mammals and reproducing through the hatching of eggs. He shed some insights into the questions of reproduction and heredity. He also believed that no organ was given to an animal without a purpose. Final characteristics were those essential to an animal species, while variable characteristics consisted of qualities that develop rather than being naturally endowed.< Less