Search Results: 'Medical anthropology'

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17 results for "Medical anthropology"
Medical Ethics, from Hippocrates to the 21st Century By Andreas Sofroniou
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DEDICATED TO ALL MEDICAL STUDENTS AROUND THE WORLD The happiest of individuals are those who assist people in their quest for a healthy living and harmony. Medical Ethics as a subject consists of... More > the fundamental issues of practical decision-making, and its major concerns include the nature of ultimate value and the standards by which human actions can be judged right or wrong. We often refer to ethical judgments, or ethical principles where it once would have been more common to speak of moral judgments or moral principles. Strictly speaking, the term of Medical Ethics refers to the field of study, or branch of inquiry, that has morality as its subject matter. Although ethics has always been viewed as a branch of philosophy, its all-embracing practical nature links it with many other areas of study, including anthropology, biology, medicine, economics, history, politics, psychology, sociology, and theology.< Less
Medical Ethics, from Hippocrates to the 21st Century By Andreas Sofroniou
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DEDICATED TO ALL MEDICAL STUDENTS AROUND THE WORLD The happiest of individuals are those who assist people in their quest for a healthy living and harmony. Medical Ethics as a subject consists of... More > the fundamental issues of practical decision-making, and its major concerns include the nature of ultimate value and the standards by which human actions can be judged right or wrong. We often refer to ethical judgments, or ethical principles where it once would have been more common to speak of moral judgments or moral principles. Strictly speaking, the term of Medical Ethics refers to the field of study, or branch of inquiry, that has morality as its subject matter. Although ethics has always been viewed as a branch of philosophy, its all-embracing practical nature links it with many other areas of study, including anthropology, biology, medicine, economics, history, politics, psychology, sociology, and theology.< Less
Of Bodies and Symptoms By Sylvie Fainzang, Claudie Haxaire
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The question of the social treatment of the body and its transformations emerges in relation to issues of varying types (economic, therapeutic, ideological, cultural, aesthetic, commercial,... More > technical). This book examines the various ways of managing bodily symptoms or transformations and the social stakes and systems of knowledge which relate to them, both on the medical and social level. The contributions provide analyses that concern a broad range of countries. Through the themes it tackles and the subjects it examines, this book reveals both the universal nature of the questions it asks, and the evolution of the objects and approaches of anthropology itself.< Less
Health Travels: Cuban Health(care) On and Off the Island By Nancy Burke
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This collection of essays challenges static and binary discourses regarding the Cuban healthcare system, bringing together papers that paint a nuanced and dynamic picture of the intricacies of Cuban... More > health(care) as it is represented and experienced both on the island and around the world.< Less
Susto: Fright and Soul Loss in the Spanish Speaking World By Brendan Bombaci
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Susto is a both a culture bound syndrome and an idiom of distress with many variations around a consensus fundamental core set of symptoms – mostly somatic but some psychological – caused... More > mostly by fright and stress. It is found mostly in Central and South America, but also among Mexican American populations, and to a lesser degree in Spain; it does not occur throughout the whole Spanish-speaking world. The DSM IV only lists susto in Appendix I and relates it to Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and lastly to Somatoform Disorders (SD) which have no apparent medical cause. Anthropologically, it has been studied for associations to physiological symptoms via biomarker analyses, with positive correlations, but also reported by some populations to be a causal factor in major debilitating illness (mostly diabetes, but also cancer) and even death, where research has provided tentative evidence that neither is the case. Herein: causes, treatments, and cultural descriptions.< Less
Manipulating Science for the Promotion of Viagra - Evidence from By Dominika A. Boczula
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Medical treatment is by definition an invested business - its basic design presumes financial investment and gains coupled with patients seen as nothing more than customers. This book's core argument... More > is that the unprecedented success of Viagra worldwide is not the result of an exciting, compassionate scientific breakthrough bringing relief to the desperate or dying. Rather, commercial interests have created a socially desirable but medically limited product -ironically, by denying the fundamentally social nature of sex. By reducing sex to penile performance, then equating penile performance with masculine identity, a man's self-worth and social worth are reduced to the hardness and sustainability of his erections. The book's approach is the clear illustration of the medicalization of discontent facilitated by the passage of legislation permitting direct-to-consumer drug advertising, online drug sales, and the entanglement of health professionals and drug marketers.< Less
Manipulating Science for the Promotion of Viagra - Evidence from By Dominika A. Boczula
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Medical treatment is by definition an invested business - its basic design presumes financial investment and gains coupled with patients seen as nothing more than customers. This book's core argument... More > is that the unprecedented success of Viagra worldwide is not the result of an exciting, compassionate scientific breakthrough bringing relief to the desperate or dying. Rather, commercial interests have created a socially desirable but medically limited product -ironically, by denying the fundamentally social nature of sex. By reducing sex to penile performance, then equating penile performance with masculine identity, a man's self-worth and social worth are reduced to the hardness and sustainability of his erections. The book's approach is the clear illustration of the medicalization of discontent facilitated by the passage of legislation permitting direct-to-consumer drug advertising, online drug sales, and the entanglement of health professionals and drug marketers.< Less
Two Women: Anyentyuwe and Ekâkise By Henry Bucher
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It is the late 1800s on the coast of Africa when four-year-old Anyentyuwe is given by her father to the Baraka mission so she may escape the heathenism of her village. Even after Anyentyuwe becomes... More > orphaned, she dutifully abides by her father’s wishes and remains at the mission. Vivacious and brilliant, she is sought by many men. But she soon considers herself enslaved and becomes the victim of two attacks that change her forever. Ekâkise is a victim herself. Sold by her father to a drunkard, polygamist husband, she comes to the mission to be restored to the Lord’s Table and hopefully to be liberated from her violent life. As she tries to escape her husband’s cruelty, Ekâkise is befriended by a medical missionary and his sister. Now only time will tell if they can rescue both women from their fates. Complete with extensive footnotes and commentary, Two Women is a rich source for those interested in African history, colonialism, and a better understanding of Gabon and the Cameroun.< Less
Two Women: Anyentyuwe and Ekâkise By Henry Bucher
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It is the late 1800s on the coast of Africa when four-year-old Anyentyuwe is given by her father to the Baraka mission so she may escape the heathenism of her village. Even after Anyentyuwe becomes... More > orphaned, she dutifully abides by her father’s wishes and remains at the mission. Vivacious and brilliant, she is sought by many men. But she soon considers herself enslaved and becomes the victim of two attacks that change her forever. Ekâkise is a victim herself. Sold by her father to a drunkard, polygamist husband, she comes to the mission to be restored to the Lord’s Table and hopefully to be liberated from her violent life. As she tries to escape her husband’s cruelty, Ekâkise is befriended by a medical missionary and his sister. Now only time will tell if they can rescue both women from their fates. Complete with extensive footnotes and commentary, Two Women is a rich source for those interested in African history, colonialism, and a better understanding of Gabon and the Cameroun.< Less
SOCIAL SCIENCES, CONCEPTS OF BRANCHES AND RELATIONSHIPS By Andreas Sofroniou
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Social sciences consist of branches pertaining to the study of human society and social relationships. The disciplines usually encompass: anthropology, demography, economics, geography, political... More > science, psychology, sociology and philosophy. Frequently included are those areas of education that deal with the social contexts of learning and the relation of the school to the social order. History is regarded by many as a social science, and certain areas of historical study are almost indistinguishable from work done in the social sciences. The study of comparative law may also be regarded as a part of the social sciences, although it is ordinarily pursued in schools of law rather than in departments or schools containing most of the other social sciences. Change on different levels (social dynamics in everyday life, short-term transformations and long-term developments in society at large) has become the focus of attention.< Less