Search Results: 'U.S. Justice'


177 results for "U.S. Justice"
Managing Calls to the Police With 911/311 Systems By U. S. Department of Justice
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The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 revealed the life-and-death importance of enhancing U.S. intelligence operations. Since that day, a tremendous amount of attention has been focused on the... More > need for constructive changes in law enforcement intelligence. Intelligence operations have been reviewed, studied, and slowly but steadily transformed. Most efforts have focused on reorganizing intelligence infrastructures at the federal level; however, corresponding efforts have been made to enhance state and local law enforcement intelligence operations. Such enhancements make it possible for state and local law enforcement agencies to play a role in homeland security. Perhaps more important, improvements to intelligence operations help local law enforcement respond to “traditional” crimes more effectively. Because effective intelligence operations can be applied equally well to terrorist threats and crimes in the community, homeland security and local crime prevention are not mutually exclusive.< Less
JUSTICE By Honesty Parker
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J.U.S.T.I.C.E. stands for :Justice Unattainable through Systematic Tactics Inducing Crisis Eternally. This book of poetry touches on the subjects of crime, prison, injustice and mirrors the pain of... More > those affected by them.< Less
Guide for Implementing the Balanced and Restorative Justice Model By U.S. Department of Justice
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America has made great strides in developing an effective youth policy—thanks, in large measure, to juvenile justice and other youth service professionals who are using what works, developing... More > new approaches, and applying research and evaluation information to control juvenile crime and improve our juvenile justice system. OJJDP’s Comprehensive Strategy for Serious, Violent, and Chronic Juvenile Offenders provides an overarching approach to addressing juvenile crime and victimization. The Strategy emphasizes prevention and early intervention and the development of a system of graduated sanctions that holds youth accountable and protects communities. The Balanced and Restorative Justice (BARJ) Model is an effective tool for achieving youth accountability and enhancing community safety. BARJ can be used to combat delinquency in your State, county, or city.< Less
Review of the Department of Justice’s Use of Less-Lethal Weapons By U.S. Department of Justice
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Department of Justice (Department) Special Agents, Deputy Marshals, and correctional personnel may use less-lethal weapons when circumstances require use of some force, but use of deadly force would... More > not be appropriate.1 The Department’s law enforcement components – the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF); Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA); Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI); Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP); and United States Marshals Service (USMS) – use several types of less-lethal weapons. The only less-lethal weapons provided to FBI and DEA Special Agents are batons and pepper spray. In addition to batons and pepper spray, ATF, BOP, and USMS personnel can use less-lethal weapons that include “bean bag” shotgun rounds (bean bag rounds), baton launchers, and rubber projectiles< Less
Less Lethal Weapon Effectiveness, Use of Force, and Suspect & Officer Injuries: A Five-Year Analysis (A report to the National Institute of Justice) By U.S. Department of Justice
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Law enforcement officers are legally justified to utilize force in many situations to bring suspects to justice, protect others, and for personal defense. However, police training on the use of force... More > has no single consistent method in the United States to demonstrate the best response to subject resistance levels, even though many states and individual agencies have adopted very creative use-of-force matrices and continuums. For researchers, additional problems abound in the compilation and interpretation of the data available on police use of force. Criminal justice research has persistently demonstrated that a small percentage of police encounters with the public involve use of force. While extreme uses of force often garners media attention, lesser levels of force are used regularly by police without public notice. Research in the areas of use of force, and subsequent suspect injuries, has focused on the level of force used by the police officer and the suspect, excessive force, and officer misconduct.< Less
CRIMINAL RICO : 18 U.S.C. §§ 1961-1968 (A Manual for Federal Prosecutors) By U.S. Department of Justice
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This manual is intended to assist federal prosecutors in the preparation and litigation of cases involving the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO), 18 U.S.C. §§ 1961... More > 1968. Prosecutors are encouraged to contact the Organized Crime and Racketeering Section (OCRS) early in the preparation of their case for advice and assistance. All pleadings alleging a violation of RICO, including indictments, informations, and criminal and civil complaints, must be submitted to OCRS for review and approval before being filed with the court. Also, all pleadings alleging forfeiture under RICO, as well as pleadings relating to an application for a temporary restraining order pursuant to RICO, must be submitted to OCRS for review and approval prior to filing. Prosecutors must submit to OCRS a prosecution memorandum and a draft of the pleadings to be filed with the court in order to initiate the Criminal Division approval process.< Less
Lessons Learned From 9/11: DNA Identification in Mass Fatality Incidents By U.S. Department of Justice
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On September 11, 2001, 2,792 people were killed in terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center (WTC) in New York City. The number of victims, the condition of their remains, and the duration of the... More > recovery effort made the identification of the victims the most difficult ever undertaken by the forensic community in this country. In response to this need, the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), the research, development, and evaluation agency of the U.S. Department of Justice, brought together a group of experts to provide advice and support throughout the identification effort. Called the Kinship and Data Analysis Panel (KADAP), the group made recommendations on new forensic technologies, tools, policies, and procedures to help identify those who perished in the WTC attack. This report contains the KADAP’s “lessons learned,” particularly regarding DNA protocols, laboratory techniques, and statistical approaches, in the DNA identification of WTC victims.< Less
Eyewitness Evidence: A Trainer’s Manual for Law Enforcement By U.S. Department of Justice
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Eyewitnesses play a critical role in our criminal justice system. They are often essential to identifying, charging, and ultimately convicting perpetrators of crime and in some cases may provide the... More > sole piece of evidence against those individuals. For these reasons, the value of accurate and reliable eyewitness evidence cannot be overstated. Cases in which DNA testing has exonerated individuals convicted on the basis of eyewitness testimony tend to make headlines, but in actuality, the frequency of mistaken eyewitness identifications is quite small. The vast majority of eyewitness identifications are accurate and provide trustworthy evidence for the trier of fact. Recognizing the weight accorded eyewitness evidence by judges and juries, the National Institute of Justice initiated a project in 1998 to research methods to improve the accuracy, reliability, and availability of information obtained from eyewitnesses.< Less
Defining Drug Courts: The Key Components By U.S. Department of Justice
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The mission of drug courts is to stop the abuse of alcohol and other drugs and related criminal activity. Drug courts promote recovery through a coordinated response to offenders dependent on alcohol... More > and other drugs. Realization of these goals requires a team approach, including cooperation and collaboration of the judges, prosecutors, defense counsel, probation authorities, other corrections personnel, law enforcement, pretrial services agencies, TASC programs, evaluators, an array of local service providers, and the greater community. State-level organizations representing AOD issues, law enforcement and criminal justice, vocational rehabilitation, education, and housing also have important roles to play. The combined energies of these individuals and organizations can assist and encourage defendants to accept help that could change their lives.< Less
Guideline for Drug Courts on Screening and Assessment By U.S. Department of Justice
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Screening and assessment are often described as discrete events completed by using specific instruments. In fact, screening and assessment are part of an ongoing decision-making process that examines... More > information on substance abuse and criminal history, motivation for treatment, educational and employment factors, and other problem areas. Information gathered during screening and assessment is used to develop a treatment plan that will be updated over time to reflect participant progress, significant life events (e.g., relapse, changes in living arrangements), and changing service needs. While use of structured instruments is a core element of screening and assessment, this activity must be supplemented by an individual interview, review of archival materials (e.g., criminal justice records, treatment records, drug test results, employment records), clinical observation, and discussions with probation officers, family members, or significant others.< Less