Search Results: 'social structure'

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332 results for "social structure"
Agency and social structure in Human Factors By Roland Gasser
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Today’s work environments are getting ever more adaptive and dynamic. The underlying technologies are highly complex and distributed. As a consequence, both the theoretical fundaments and the... More > methodological toolbox of Human Factors become challenged. By drawing on the field of production planning and scheduling (PPS) in manufacturing, this book is making explicit how Human Factors fails to fully account for many problems related to this type of environment. It is proposing a philosophical reorientation - based on critical realist thought - through a focus on agency and social structures as central concepts for the understanding of human behavior. The new ontological fundament then leads to the formulation of a critical realist theory/methods package for Human Factors. Through the integration of agency and social structure into our thinking about technology, Human Factors interventions will become more tuned to the networked and globalized work contexts we are increasingly engaged with.< Less
Structure and Agency By J.P. Goss
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How do we define structure? And for that matter, agency? There are certain inescapable forces that both the social reality imposes on the human, effectively generating what we know as... More > ‘man’ or ‘humankind.’ Our tongues enable us to communicate and to know exactly what we are. Yet, there is, indispensably, the ability to step back from such forces, to even step back from identity. This is agency. Reality is brought to us through typifications and habituation. This is structure. This is the dialectic: structure and agency. In this collection of short stories, Goss explores this dialectic wherein the agent is confronted with the force of society. It was his intent to create stories whose DNA was formed with an ounce controversy and at least something to upset what we know as “social reality.” He wanted to step back and write something different.< Less
Cognition and Social Exchange: A Structural Analysis of Children's Musical Games By Ming Tsao
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This book provides an in-depth structural analysis of musical games from children in the inner city.
On the Structure of Complex Networks By Daniel Grady
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Large-scale complex networks in natural, social, and technological systems exhibit an abundance of rich information, and extracting meaningful structural features from network data is one of the most... More > challenging tasks in network theory. Nonetheless, understanding these networks is essential to explaining phenomena in transportation, epidemiology, sociology, economics, and other fields. This book presents three novel analyses of large-scale empirical networks. First, a comparison of two world-wide transportation systems reveals many statistical similarities despite extremely different operational and geographic constraints. Second, we develop a new method for determining geographic borders based on human mobility. Finally, we demonstrate how measuring networks in terms of shortest-path trees can identify a robust network skeleton, and its relevance in predicting dynamical processes. Hardcover available at http://www.lulu.com/content/hardcover-book/on-the-structure-of-complex-networks/13985882< Less
On the Structure of Complex Networks By Daniel Grady
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Large-scale complex networks in natural, social, and technological systems exhibit an abundance of rich information, and extracting meaningful structural features from network data is one of the most... More > challenging tasks in network theory. Nonetheless, understanding these networks is essential to explaining phenomena in transportation, epidemiology, sociology, economics, and other fields. This book presents three novel analyses of large-scale empirical networks. First, a comparison of two world-wide transportation systems reveals many statistical similarities despite extremely different operational and geographic constraints. Second, we develop a new method for determining geographic borders based on human mobility. Finally, we demonstrate how measuring networks in terms of shortest-path trees can identify a robust network skeleton, and its relevance in predicting dynamical processes.< Less
Socially Distant By Megan Boswell
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Since the mid-20th century, architecture has stopped responding to formal conventions and rather emphasized the technological world we live in. Architecture evolves as we progress and in the last 60... More > years, it has adopted the expanding technology that we rely on. This has induced an abandonment of conventional means of social interaction to the new preferable digital exchange. Architecture, therefore, needs to focus on the reemphis of formal structure that will foster a positive social environment where people will not live through technology but use technology to enhance their lives.< Less
Social Urbanism By Tyler Lyons
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American urban lifestyles have been dictated by the automobile since the 60’s. In addition, recent decades have seen an explosion in social media, leading to Americans becoming more... More > disconnected from their communities. Separation due to technology and social media, as well as poor planning, has created inhumane urban conditions. Air quality, open space and safety are often lacking. Can social architecture and planning cure a dying American city? This thesis will explore current and progressive planning trends, as well as, concepts that begin to prescribe the desired urban living condition. Social Urbanism is the philosophy that people, politics, architecture, and urbanism come together to form a healthy social environment within the city. Using building materials and techniques familiar to the Northwest this project gives the residents a public structure they can identify with. Well connected to public transportation and pedestrian/bike networks it becomes a focal point and social hub for the city.< Less
Terminological Dictionary of Social Transcendentalism By John O'Loughlin
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This is John O'Loughlin's first and, to-date, only attempt at writing a dictionary, in which the terminology follows alphabetically in chronological spelling order, and, needless to say, it's in... More > conjunction with the ideological philosophy of Social Transcendentalism that such a project was initially launched, with, it would appear, an acceptable degree of structural and thematic credibility to warrant such a seemingly portentous title - one, however, that must rank amongst the author's best philosophical works for its exacting comprehensiveness and daring originality. The cover shows an upended CND-type emblem with masculine and feminine signs, as though to signify a 'supercross' appropriate, for the author, to Social Transcendentalism, and therefore conceived as the logical successor to the so-called 'true cross' of Roman Catholicism.< Less
Learning to be Free: Organizing for Sociality in Learning Environments By Mark Nijssen
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In Learning to be Free, Organizing for Sociality in Learning Environments I have made an attempt to illustrate how the essence of being human affects our potential for learning. Humans are... More > essentially social beings, because they are dependent on their sociality to survive as a species. As a result, we organize our social relations according to certain preferences and this has consequences for the way we make sense of situations and the social structures we find acceptable in our learning environments. However, this not always aligns with the learning architectures in which we operate. This thesis provides an insight in the way we organize our social relations and how that contributes to an improved ability to provoke learning by aligning these preferences with the learning architectures being afforded.< Less
Social Work with Children and Families - Tutorial 1 By Keltik Excalibur
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Tutorial for: Q1. Briefly discuss the meaning of family from different perspectives. Q2. What is the difference between what is myth and what might be reality when people talk about family life in... More > the past? Q3. What is the dominant ideology of the family? Q4. In your own words, briefly describe the impact of social policy on families. Q5. What is meant by the term ‘family’? Q6. Explain the contradictory position of children in today’s society. Q7. Why is the family often regarded as being in a state of crisis. Q8. Identify the differences between absolute poverty and relative poverty. Q9. List three examples of the effects of poverty on families. Q10. Briefly describe inequalities of power and responsibilities within families. Q11. Briefly describe the unequal allocation of caring and household responsibilities within families. Q12. What is the importance of Black perspectives on the family? (see all questions on http://courses-and-tutorials.webs.com/social-work)< Less