In formal logic, sentences and arguments are translated into mathematical languages with well-defined properties. If all goes well, properties of the argument that were hard to discern become... More > clearer. This text describes two formal languages which have been of special importance to philosophers: truth-functional sentential logic and quantified predicate logic. The book covers translation, formal semantics, and proof theory for both languages.This can be used as the textbook for a semester long course in logic, for a unit on logic, or for self-directed study. Each chapter contains practice exercises; solutions to selected exercises appear in an appendix.The author is an assistant professor of philosophy at the University at Albany, SUNY.For more information, see the forall x homepage and the author's homepage.< Less
Claims about the underdetermination of theory by data are often hidden in an umbra of obscurity and a penumbra of equivocation. So many various phenomena pass for "underdetermination" that... More > it is tempting to think that it is no unified phenomenon at all, so Chapter 1 provides a framework within which all these worries can be seen as species of one genus: A claim of underdetermination involves (at least implicitly) a set of rival theories, a standard of responsible judgment, and a scope of circumstances in which responsible choice between the rivals is impossible. Within this framework, later chapters examine several varieties and alleged examples of underdetermination.
The author is an associate professor of philosophy at the University at Albany, SUNY. This was the author's PhD thesis in Philosophy at UC San Diego. It was developed into a series of papers, many of which are available on his website.< Less
This is offered only as an economical option for people who already own the original edition. Even if that's you, you might consider getting the new edition anyway. This file includes the games that... More > are new in the Revised and Expanded Decktet Book, along with a summary of changes for games that have been updated. It is formatted 2-up for printing on letter or A4 paper.< Less
The Decktet is a collection of cards with illustrations and names. Unlike an ordinary pack of cards, most of the Decktet cards have more than one suit. This book is a curated guide to the Decktet:... More > its history and structure, its meaning, and rules for thirty-six different games.< Less