More From Chris Monsere, David Hurwitz

OTREC-RR-13-02 By Chris Monsere, David Hurwitz
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Some protected left-turn phasing has been replaced with a flashing yellow arrow (FYA) for protected/permissive left turns. It is important to understand the conflict between pedestrians and the... More > left-turning vehicle. This report summarizes research using a high-fidelity, motion-based driving simulator and eye-tracking equipment to study the effects of opposing traffic, the number and vector of pedestrians, and the number of section heads displaying the FYA on driver performance. 27 subjects completed a six-intersection course, allowing analysis of 620 left-turn maneuvers. More pedestrians led drivers to focus more on crossing pedestrians; with more opposing vehicles, drivers focused less on pedestrians; 5-11% of drivers did not focus on pedestrians in the crosswalk; and no difference was found between any variable and the presence of a three- or four-section head. The results suggest it may be desirable to limit the FYA when pedestrians are present, and that the cost of four-section heads is not justified.< Less
OTREC-RR-12-02 By Karen Dixon et al.
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The Highway Safety Manual (HSM) published by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials in the spring of 2010 includes safety predictive methods which are used to estimate... More > the safety of a transportation facility. However, the safety performance functions (SPFs) were developed for states other than Oregon. Because of differences in crash reporting, driver and animal populations, and weather conditions, officials need calibrated SPFs for Oregon facilities. Predictive methods were developed for rural two-lane roads, rural multilane roads, and urban/suburban arterial roads. In this project SPFs were calibrated for these facility types based on their historic performance in Oregon. The report illustrates methods of site selection, collection of crash and site data, analysis methods, and an evaluation of crash severity distribution methods. Oregon agencies can use calibrated HSM predictive methods to more accurately assess expected facility safety performance for Oregon conditions.< Less
OTREC-RR-11-16 By Miguel Figliozzi et al.
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This report summarizes the findings of a national project to examine the travel behavior, social capital, health, and lifestyle preferences of residents of neotraditional developments (NTD) compared... More > to more standard suburban developments. We compare survey results from residents of matched pairs of neighborhoods in seventeen U.S. cities and towns, with each pair comprised of one NTD and one typical suburban neighborhood of similar size, age, and socio-demographic composition. The study addresses salient themes in the transportation, planning and health literatures: a national study, surveying populations of diverse incomes, collecting resident information on preferences for and attitudes towards neighborhood qualities, and addressing transportation and health outcomes for diverse community designs.< Less
OTREC-RR-11-16 By Miguel Figliozzi et al.
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This report summarizes the findings of a national project to examine the travel behavior, social capital, health, and lifestyle preferences of residents of neotraditional developments (NTD) compared... More > to more standard suburban developments. We compare survey results from residents of matched pairs of neighborhoods in seventeen U.S. cities and towns, with each pair comprised of one NTD and one typical suburban neighborhood of similar size, age, and socio-demographic composition. The study addresses salient themes in the transportation, planning and health literatures: a national study, surveying populations of diverse incomes, collecting resident information on preferences for and attitudes towards neighborhood qualities, and addressing transportation and health outcomes for diverse community designs.< Less