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Tun Tavern By George Holmes
eBook (PDF): $4.99
There is no member of the United States Marine Corps who is not aware of the importance of Tun Tavern to the Corps origins. To Freemasons in America, Tun Tavern is an important part of their story.... More > Yet little is known of its history. Historian George Holmes has compiled the most concise account to date on the establishment that played such a vital role in early Philadelphia history when the city was new. Within the pages of Tun Tavern Freemasons and Marines will find the story of their beginnings in the City of Brotherly Love, told as part of the history of the simple edifice whose story is anything but simple. The handbook has many pictures and illustrations that serve as a record of the events that took place in the Tun whose enigmatic history is pieced together with satisfying clarity within its pages.< Less
The Anti-Irish Riots of Philadelphia 1844 By George Holmes
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The middle of the 19th century was a particularly lawless and turbulent time for American cities, and Philadelphia with its very diverse population was one of the most violent. Irish immigrants... More > were the victims of a great deal of bigoted stereotyping, usually portrayed as ignorant, brawling drunkards. Worse, they were a “foreign” element not to be trusted. Their loyalty was not to their new nation but to a “Papist” church, its “evil priests” and “despotic Pope.” Inflammatory anti-Catholic pamphlets proclaimed that once the Irish population was large enough, they would take over America. Riots were commonplace, but the bloodiest riots of the era, without question, exploded in the summer of 1844 when Protestant “Native Americans” battled Irish Catholics in a two-part street war that left about 25 dead and more than 100 wounded and injured. Two large Catholic churches, a rectory and a seminary were burned to the ground and scores of houses set on fire.< Less