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Healing Yemen – Upholding the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child in the Republic of Yemen

ByMark O'Doherty

Almost 100,000 children under the age of five are at risk of dying in Yemen as the country slides back into a hunger crisis; due to economic instability, corruption and the ongoing civil war - which have led to the highest levels of malnutrition ever recorded in parts of the country. Serious malnutrition in southern Yemen has risen 10% this year, but rose to 15% among under-fives. “Yemen is on the brink of a catastrophic food security crisis. If the war doesn’t end now, we are nearing an irreversible situation and risk losing an entire generation of Yemen’s young children,” said the UN’s humanitarian coordinator for the country. Also, children in Yemen are suffering with cholera, diphtheria and dengue fever and contagious diseases - which have stalked Yemen since the outbreak of war six years ago. For patients and doctors here, in what the UN says is the world’s worst humanitarian crisis, coronavirus barely registers. The ongoing civil war in Yemen between the western-backed Saudi coalition and Iran-supported Houthi rebels shows no sign of stopping. And the financial currency of Yemen, the rial, has lost two-thirds of its value since the conflict began and continues to slide, making it harder and harder to put food on the table. A rise in food prices, coupled with devastating aid cuts, means that a widespread famine is once again threatening Yemen. Responsible for restoring rule of law and political stability in the country is the President of Yemen - namely President Hadi - who is the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces and also head of the executive branch of the Yemeni government. Hence it is imperative that President Hadi puts an end to the civil war and the political corruption in Yemen - so that rule of law, fundamental human rights and economic stability can be restored in Yemen. However, if President Hadi is unwilling to fight the political corruption in the country, I am quite happy to take the responsibility for such a crackdown in Yemen. So if the leaders of Yemen are unable to get their house in order, I am quite willing to do it for them. This also means that Saudi Arabia and Iran must finally withdraw their military forces in Yemen; and stop exploiting the humanitarian crisis for their own ends - both countries using Yemen as a proxy to pursue their struggle for regional influence, without concern for the needs of ordinary people. Hence President Hadi must finally restore fundamental human rights in Yemen; or he must be removed from office.

Details

Publication Date
Dec 2, 2020
Language
English
ISBN
9781716371493
Category
Law
Copyright
All Rights Reserved - Standard Copyright License
Contributors
By (author): Mark O'Doherty

Specifications

Format
EPUB

Keywords

"Yemen: in a country stalked by disease, Covid barely registers" / War, hunger and devastating aid cuts have made the plight of Yemenis almost unbearableBBC: "Yemen crisis: Why is there a war?"The conflict has its roots in the failure of a political transition supposed to bring stability to Yemen following an Arab Spring uprising in 2011 which brought Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi to power, who is still to this day the current President of Yemen."UN funding crisis cuts aid to Yemen as it slides near famine" / A senior U.N. official is warning that Yemen is sliding toward famine as the coronavirus spreads and its economy implodes" 'Open your eyes': Yemen on brink of famine again, UN agencies warn" / Millions face devastating hunger if relief efforts are not stepped up in a country ravaged by war, locusts and now Covid-19"Yemen on brink of losing entire generation of children to hunger, UN warns" / Food security crisis means acute malnutrition among under-fives at highest levels since war engulfed the country"Yemen war: President Hadi sacks his prime minister amid humanitarian crisis" / President Hadi appoints Maeen Abdulmalik Saeed to replace Ahmed bin Dagher, who was to be investigated over 'government negligence'Current prime minister of Yemen: Maeen Abdulmalik SaeedCurrent President of Yemen: Abdrabbuh Mansur HadiIt is imperative that President Hadi puts an end to the civil war and the political corruption in Yemen - so that rule of law, fundamental human rights and economic stability can be restored in Yemen.This also means that Saudi Arabia and Iran must finally withdraw their military forces in Yemen; and stop exploiting the humanitarian crisis for their own ends.However, if President Hadi is unwilling to fight the political corruption in the country, I am quite happy to take the responsibility for such a crackdown in Yemen.So if the leaders of Yemen are unable to get their house in order, I am quite willing to do it for them.President Hadi must finally restore fundamental human rights in Yemen; or he must be removed from office!Healing the Republic of Kosovo / The Guardian: "Kosovo president Hashim Thaçi vows to resign if war crimes trial goes ahead"The indictment - yet to be ruled on by the pre-trial judge - was for a range of crimes against humanity and war crimes, including murder, enforced disappearance, persecution and torture.Europe wanted to make Kosovo a success story, and it would have been hard to do that if you allowed Mr. Thaçi and other politicians to be sent to jail. But now many can see that the political winds inside Kosovo have changed.Healing the Republic of Serbia / The Guardian: "Serbian secret police chiefs face verdict over atrocities in Croatia and Bosnia" / Tribunal in The Hague to give judgment on Jovica Stanišić and Franko Simatović for role in ethnic cleansing in 1990sJovica Stanišić, the former head of the state security service (DB) and his deputy, Franko “Frenki” Simatović, were first indicted in 2003 for arming and orchestrating paramilitary groups responsible for war crimes in the Croatian and Bosnian wars.They were once two of the most powerful men in Serbia. Stanišić was also reported to be a CIA informant and the agency took the unusual step of submitting a classified document to the court describing his help.“The tribunal for the former Yugoslavia has never, in its almost 30-year history, convicted any Serbian official for crimes in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Many scholars agree that that does not reflect the reality of the conflict”“It shows just how hard it is to indict, and convict, for crimes committed by allegedly independent actors across a border where no clear chains of command exist.”Stanišić and Simatović were key members of the regime of Slobodan Milošević, who tried to carve a greater Serbia out of Yugoslavia. While Stanišić was in overall charge of the formidable DB secret police, Simatović ran its special operations unit.Therefore it is imperative that military officials and intelligence officers responsible for war crimes are brought to justice; so that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) can be upheld and safeguarded in the International Community.Healing the Philippines / Restoring the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) in the Philippines and counteracting domestic slavery in the UKThe Guardian: " ‘I want them to feel human again’: the woman who escaped slavery in the UK – and fights to free others"Analiza Guevarra ended up in a living hell in London after fleeing poverty in the Philippines. Now, her organisation - the Filipino Domestic Workers Association (FDWA) - rescues scores of people in domestic servitude every year.This small but very busy organisation, which operates from a church in south London, has rescued hundreds of women from domestic servitude behind the closed doors of London’s most exclusive neighbourhoods.Domestic servitude is one of the most prevalent forms of modern slavery in the UK and largely affects foreign domestic workers from places such as the Philippines and Indonesia.“The places we go in London, the streets are full of expensive cars and the houses cost millions of pounds, but inside there are women being treated like slaves and nobody knows”Hence it is imperative that the UK government - in particular PM Boris Johnson - makes a greater effort to end modern slavery in London’s most exclusive neighbourhoods, so that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) can be restored in the UK.There are now at least 53 million domestic workers in the world, the vast majority of whom are women such as Guevarra, who travel from poor countries to richer ones to work in private households.In the Philippines, nearly 17% of people live in poverty. Official remittances sent by overseas workers in 2020 were valued at $33.2bn – nearly 10% of the country’s GDP.According to the UN’s International Labour Organization, domestic workers are one of the workforces most vulnerable to abuse, trafficking and exploitation.Therefore it is imperative that the International Community improves the economic infrastructure, working conditions and labour laws in developing countries, to counteract forced migration of women from poor countries to richer ones.Healing Nigeria / Upholding Rule of Law, Peace and Prosperity in the Federal Republic of NigeriaThe Guardian: "Biafra separatist leader arrested and extradited to Nigeria" / British national Nnamdi Kanu has been wanted since 2015 when he was charged with terrorism and incitementKanu is the leader of the Indigenous People of Biafra (Ipob), a secessionist group which has been proscribed as a terrorist organisation in Nigeria.In recent months, police have blamed Ipob for a series of arson attacks and killings targeting police units and civil authorities across southern Nigeria.Secessionist sentiment was inflamed by the 2015 election of President Muhamadu Buhari who was a brigade major during the Biafra civil war, one of the darkest chapters in Nigerian history where an attempt to form an independent Biafran state was quelled.Millions of people in south-east Nigeria died, many from starvation after a government blockade of the region prevented food supplies and humanitarian support.The legacy of the war is still bitter. Authorities censor cultural depictions of the conflict and the war is not taught in most schools."Why Nigerian protesters still march to Radio Biafra's explosive beat" / Fifty years after a coup triggered civil war, broadcasts out of south London have spurred new support for an independent Biafran state"Nigeria's history problem needs the light from Half of a Yellow" / We Nigerians must deal with our fear of examining the civil war and the wrongs of the past. Biyi Bandele's new film is a step forwardTherefore it is imperative that the Nigerian government - in particular President Muhammadu Buhari - makes a greater attempt to uphold and respect the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR); and refrains from using inflammatory language.The Nigerian government - in particular President Muhammadu Buhari - ought to acknowledge that there is a rise of secessionist sentiment for an independent country of Biafra in south-east Nigeria.The Nigerian government is entitled to counteract extremism connected with secessionist sentiment, but such measures must be proportional and as peaceful as possible - so that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) can be upheld in Nigeria.Healing the People's Republic of China / Upholding Rule of Law, Justice and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) in Hong Kong"Hong Kong legal system should reflect China’s will, says official" / Statement by Zheng Yanxiong, director of the Office for Safeguarding National Security, seen as warning to judiciary to uphold Chinese interests or risk losing its independenceForeign governments and human rights and legal groups have accused authorities of using the law as a weapon against dissent, targeting political opposition, the free press, and the judiciary.

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